Skip to main content
placeholder image

Revisiting the Holocene occupations at Grassridge Rockshelter, Eastern Cape, South Africa

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Grassridge Rockshelter is a multicomponent Pleistocene and Holocene

    archaeological site located in the interior of the Eastern Cape of South

    Africa, and was originally studied during the late 1970s and early

    1980s. The Grassridge Archaeological and Palaeoenvironmental

    Project (GAPP) initiated new research at Grassridge in 2014, and here

    we present an overview of our initial excavations and research, with a

    focus on the Holocene occupations. Preliminary results indicate a

    more complex occupational and depositional history than previously

    thought. In addition to relocating the known mid-Holocene occupation,

    we have identified a previously unrecorded early Holocene occupation,

    which dates to the end of the Younger Dryas, and a thin

    flowstone located at the contact between the Holocene and Pleistocene

    deposits. The Holocene lithic assemblages are characterised by

    flake-based lithic reduction, primarily on hornfels, with an increase in

    the frequency and diversity of retouched pieces from the early to

    mid-Holocene. Ostrich eggshell beads are ubiquitous during both

    Holocene occupations, and marine shells have also been discovered.

    The latter are reported from Grassridge for the first time, and indicate a

    connection with the coast.

UOW Authors


  •   Collins, Benjamin (external author)
  •   Wilkins, Jayne (external author)
  •   Ames, Christopher

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Collins, B., Wilkins, J. & Ames, C. (2017). Revisiting the Holocene occupations at Grassridge Rockshelter, Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin, 72 (206), 162-170.

Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 162

End Page


  • 170

Volume


  • 72

Issue


  • 206

Place Of Publication


  • South Africa

Abstract


  • Grassridge Rockshelter is a multicomponent Pleistocene and Holocene

    archaeological site located in the interior of the Eastern Cape of South

    Africa, and was originally studied during the late 1970s and early

    1980s. The Grassridge Archaeological and Palaeoenvironmental

    Project (GAPP) initiated new research at Grassridge in 2014, and here

    we present an overview of our initial excavations and research, with a

    focus on the Holocene occupations. Preliminary results indicate a

    more complex occupational and depositional history than previously

    thought. In addition to relocating the known mid-Holocene occupation,

    we have identified a previously unrecorded early Holocene occupation,

    which dates to the end of the Younger Dryas, and a thin

    flowstone located at the contact between the Holocene and Pleistocene

    deposits. The Holocene lithic assemblages are characterised by

    flake-based lithic reduction, primarily on hornfels, with an increase in

    the frequency and diversity of retouched pieces from the early to

    mid-Holocene. Ostrich eggshell beads are ubiquitous during both

    Holocene occupations, and marine shells have also been discovered.

    The latter are reported from Grassridge for the first time, and indicate a

    connection with the coast.

UOW Authors


  •   Collins, Benjamin (external author)
  •   Wilkins, Jayne (external author)
  •   Ames, Christopher

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Collins, B., Wilkins, J. & Ames, C. (2017). Revisiting the Holocene occupations at Grassridge Rockshelter, Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin, 72 (206), 162-170.

Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 162

End Page


  • 170

Volume


  • 72

Issue


  • 206

Place Of Publication


  • South Africa