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Electroencephalogram Theta/Beta Ratio and Spectral Power Correlates of Executive Functions in Children and Adolescents With AD/HD

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • OBJECTIVE:

    The electroencephalogram (EEG) has been widely used in AD/HD research. The current study firstly aimed to replicate a recent trend related to EEG theta/beta ratio (TBR) in children and adolescents. Also, the study aimed to examine the value of resting EEG activity as biomarkers for executive function (EF) in participants with AD/HD.

    METHOD:

    Fifty-three participants with AD/HD and 37 healthy controls were recruited. Resting EEG was recorded with eyes closed. Participants with AD/HD additionally completed EF tasks via the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery.

    RESULTS:

    TBR did not differ between groups; however, TBR was positively correlated with inattentive symptoms in AD/HD. Other correlations were found between EEG activity and neuropsychological functions including spatial planning and decision making in the AD/HD group.

    CONCLUSION:

    The results do not support the diagnostic value of TBR. Instead, given the heterogeneous features, the results support the prognostic value of EEG in AD/HD.

Authors


  •   Zhang, Dawei (external author)
  •   Li, Hui (external author)
  •   Wu, Zhanliang (external author)
  •   Zhao, Qihua (external author)
  •   Song, Yan (external author)
  •   Liu, Lu (external author)
  •   Qian, Qiujin (external author)
  •   Wang, Yufeng (external author)
  •   Roodenrys, Steven
  •   Johnstone, Stuart J.
  •   De Blasio, Frances
  •   Sun, Li (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Zhang, D., Li, H., Wu, Z., Zhao, Q., Song, Y., Liu, L., Qian, Q., Wang, Y., Roodenrys, S., Johnstone, S. J., De Blasio, F. M. & Sun, L. (2019). Electroencephalogram Theta/Beta Ratio and Spectral Power Correlates of Executive Functions in Children and Adolescents With AD/HD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 23 (7), 721-732.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85026221156

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4613&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3605

Number Of Pages


  • 11

Start Page


  • 721

End Page


  • 732

Volume


  • 23

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • OBJECTIVE:

    The electroencephalogram (EEG) has been widely used in AD/HD research. The current study firstly aimed to replicate a recent trend related to EEG theta/beta ratio (TBR) in children and adolescents. Also, the study aimed to examine the value of resting EEG activity as biomarkers for executive function (EF) in participants with AD/HD.

    METHOD:

    Fifty-three participants with AD/HD and 37 healthy controls were recruited. Resting EEG was recorded with eyes closed. Participants with AD/HD additionally completed EF tasks via the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery.

    RESULTS:

    TBR did not differ between groups; however, TBR was positively correlated with inattentive symptoms in AD/HD. Other correlations were found between EEG activity and neuropsychological functions including spatial planning and decision making in the AD/HD group.

    CONCLUSION:

    The results do not support the diagnostic value of TBR. Instead, given the heterogeneous features, the results support the prognostic value of EEG in AD/HD.

Authors


  •   Zhang, Dawei (external author)
  •   Li, Hui (external author)
  •   Wu, Zhanliang (external author)
  •   Zhao, Qihua (external author)
  •   Song, Yan (external author)
  •   Liu, Lu (external author)
  •   Qian, Qiujin (external author)
  •   Wang, Yufeng (external author)
  •   Roodenrys, Steven
  •   Johnstone, Stuart J.
  •   De Blasio, Frances
  •   Sun, Li (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Zhang, D., Li, H., Wu, Z., Zhao, Q., Song, Y., Liu, L., Qian, Q., Wang, Y., Roodenrys, S., Johnstone, S. J., De Blasio, F. M. & Sun, L. (2019). Electroencephalogram Theta/Beta Ratio and Spectral Power Correlates of Executive Functions in Children and Adolescents With AD/HD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 23 (7), 721-732.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85026221156

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4613&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3605

Number Of Pages


  • 11

Start Page


  • 721

End Page


  • 732

Volume


  • 23

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • United States