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A Review of Scientific Progress in Flow in Sport and Exercise: Normal Science, Crisis, and a Progressive Shift

Journal Article


Abstract


  • © 2018, Copyright © Association for Applied Sport Psychology. Flow is highly relevant and desirable in sport and exercise. Drawing on ideas from iconic philosophers of science—Thomas Kuhn, Karl Popper, and Imre Lakatos—we argue that research in this field has followed a pattern of “normal science.” With a series of accumulating criticisms and “anomalies,” we propose flow research is approaching a “crisis point.” We highlight problems with research based on the traditional nine-dimensions conceptualization of flow. Then, drawing on the work of Popper and Lakatos, we offer theoretical and methodological suggestions for developing a more progressive and practically useful theory for researchers and practitioners.

Authors


  •   Swann, Christian F. (external author)
  •   Piggott, David (external author)
  •   Schweickle, Matthew (external author)
  •   Vella, Stewart A.

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Swann, C., Piggott, D., Schweickle, M. & Vella, S. (2018). A Review of Scientific Progress in Flow in Sport and Exercise: Normal Science, Crisis, and a Progressive Shift. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 30 (3), 249-271.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85046549709

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3651

Number Of Pages


  • 22

Start Page


  • 249

End Page


  • 271

Volume


  • 30

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • © 2018, Copyright © Association for Applied Sport Psychology. Flow is highly relevant and desirable in sport and exercise. Drawing on ideas from iconic philosophers of science—Thomas Kuhn, Karl Popper, and Imre Lakatos—we argue that research in this field has followed a pattern of “normal science.” With a series of accumulating criticisms and “anomalies,” we propose flow research is approaching a “crisis point.” We highlight problems with research based on the traditional nine-dimensions conceptualization of flow. Then, drawing on the work of Popper and Lakatos, we offer theoretical and methodological suggestions for developing a more progressive and practically useful theory for researchers and practitioners.

Authors


  •   Swann, Christian F. (external author)
  •   Piggott, David (external author)
  •   Schweickle, Matthew (external author)
  •   Vella, Stewart A.

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Swann, C., Piggott, D., Schweickle, M. & Vella, S. (2018). A Review of Scientific Progress in Flow in Sport and Exercise: Normal Science, Crisis, and a Progressive Shift. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 30 (3), 249-271.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85046549709

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3651

Number Of Pages


  • 22

Start Page


  • 249

End Page


  • 271

Volume


  • 30

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States