This digital image correlation study details the mechanical behaviour and pattern evolution of the transformation band of a 56Ni-44Ti wt% shape memory alloy subjected to monotonic uniaxial and loading-unloading cycles in tension. The broadened single inclined band front and multiple criss-crossing patterns are found to relieve the in-plane moment caused by local shear strains and straighten the sample edges during testing. The magnitude of the maximum local strain rate suggests its feasibility to understand the direction and extent of the localised transformation. Specifically, the changes to the maximum local strain rate during monotonic uniaxial tension are generally analogous to the stages in the macroscopic stress-strain curve. The microstructure before and after mechanical testing was characterised via electron back-scattering diffraction. Estimates of the kernel average misorientation show that residual strains upon unloading are linked to high intragranular misorientation within the original B2 grains and the remnant B19′ variants.