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Relational conceptions of paternalism: a way to rebut nanny-state accusations and evaluate public health interventions

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Objectives

    ‘Nanny-state’ accusations can function as powerful rhetorical weapons against interventions intended to promote public health. Public health advocates often lack effective rebuttals to these criticisms. Nanny-state accusations are largely accusations of paternalism. They conjure up emotive concern about undue governmental interference undermining peoples' autonomy. But autonomy can be understood in various ways. We outline three main conceptions of autonomy, argue that these that can underpin three different conceptions of paternalism, and consider implications for responses to nanny-state accusations and the assessment of public health interventions.

    Study design and methods

    Detailed conceptual analysis.

    Results

    The conceptions of paternalism implicit in nanny-state accusations generally depend on libertarian conceptions of autonomy. These reflect unrealistic views of personal independence and do not discriminate sufficiently between trivial and important freedoms. Decisional conceptions of paternalism, like their underlying decisional conceptions of autonomy, have limited applicability in public health contexts. Relational conceptions of paternalism incorporate relational conceptions of autonomy, so recognize that personal autonomy depends on socially shaped skills, self-identities and self-evaluations as well as externally structured opportunities. They encourage attention to the various ways that social interactions and relationships, including disrespect, stigmatization and oppression, can undermine potential for autonomy. While nanny-state accusations target any interference with negative freedom, however trivial, relational conceptions direct concerns to those infringements of negative freedom, or absences of positive freedom, serious enough to undermine self-determination, self-governance and/or self-authorization.

    Conclusion

    Relational conceptions of autonomy and paternalism offer public health policymakers and practitioners a means for rebutting nanny-state accusations, and can support more nuanced and more appropriately demanding appraisals of public health interventions.

UOW Authors


  •   Carter, Stacy
  •   Entwistle, Vikki A. (external author)
  •   Little, M (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Carter, S. M., Entwistle, V. A. & Little, M. (2015). Relational conceptions of paternalism: a way to rebut nanny-state accusations and evaluate public health interventions. Public Health, 129 (8), 1021-1029.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84941600398

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4736&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3727

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 1021

End Page


  • 1029

Volume


  • 129

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Objectives

    ‘Nanny-state’ accusations can function as powerful rhetorical weapons against interventions intended to promote public health. Public health advocates often lack effective rebuttals to these criticisms. Nanny-state accusations are largely accusations of paternalism. They conjure up emotive concern about undue governmental interference undermining peoples' autonomy. But autonomy can be understood in various ways. We outline three main conceptions of autonomy, argue that these that can underpin three different conceptions of paternalism, and consider implications for responses to nanny-state accusations and the assessment of public health interventions.

    Study design and methods

    Detailed conceptual analysis.

    Results

    The conceptions of paternalism implicit in nanny-state accusations generally depend on libertarian conceptions of autonomy. These reflect unrealistic views of personal independence and do not discriminate sufficiently between trivial and important freedoms. Decisional conceptions of paternalism, like their underlying decisional conceptions of autonomy, have limited applicability in public health contexts. Relational conceptions of paternalism incorporate relational conceptions of autonomy, so recognize that personal autonomy depends on socially shaped skills, self-identities and self-evaluations as well as externally structured opportunities. They encourage attention to the various ways that social interactions and relationships, including disrespect, stigmatization and oppression, can undermine potential for autonomy. While nanny-state accusations target any interference with negative freedom, however trivial, relational conceptions direct concerns to those infringements of negative freedom, or absences of positive freedom, serious enough to undermine self-determination, self-governance and/or self-authorization.

    Conclusion

    Relational conceptions of autonomy and paternalism offer public health policymakers and practitioners a means for rebutting nanny-state accusations, and can support more nuanced and more appropriately demanding appraisals of public health interventions.

UOW Authors


  •   Carter, Stacy
  •   Entwistle, Vikki A. (external author)
  •   Little, M (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Carter, S. M., Entwistle, V. A. & Little, M. (2015). Relational conceptions of paternalism: a way to rebut nanny-state accusations and evaluate public health interventions. Public Health, 129 (8), 1021-1029.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84941600398

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4736&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3727

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 1021

End Page


  • 1029

Volume


  • 129

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom