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Heterogeneous effects of high school peers on educational outcomes

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • We investigate peer ability effects on high-stakes test scores at ages 16 and 18, and

    on the probability of university attendance. To account for endogeneity in peer ability,

    we use the average ability of the primary school peers of one’s secondary

    school peers, excluding those from the same primary school of the individual,

    as an instrumental variable for average secondary school peer ability. Our results

    show that average peer quality has a small effect on an individual’s test scores,

    and a larger proportion of low-quality peers has a significantly detrimental effect

    on achievements of an average student. Furthermore, peer ability seems to have

    a stronger effect on students at the bottom of the grade distribution, especially

    at age 16.

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Mendolia, S., Paloyo, A. R. & Walker, I. (2018). Heterogeneous effects of high school peers on educational outcomes. Oxford Economic Papers, 70 (3), 613-634.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85050610086

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2534&context=buspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/buspapers/1516

Number Of Pages


  • 21

Start Page


  • 613

End Page


  • 634

Volume


  • 70

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • We investigate peer ability effects on high-stakes test scores at ages 16 and 18, and

    on the probability of university attendance. To account for endogeneity in peer ability,

    we use the average ability of the primary school peers of one’s secondary

    school peers, excluding those from the same primary school of the individual,

    as an instrumental variable for average secondary school peer ability. Our results

    show that average peer quality has a small effect on an individual’s test scores,

    and a larger proportion of low-quality peers has a significantly detrimental effect

    on achievements of an average student. Furthermore, peer ability seems to have

    a stronger effect on students at the bottom of the grade distribution, especially

    at age 16.

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Mendolia, S., Paloyo, A. R. & Walker, I. (2018). Heterogeneous effects of high school peers on educational outcomes. Oxford Economic Papers, 70 (3), 613-634.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85050610086

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2534&context=buspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/buspapers/1516

Number Of Pages


  • 21

Start Page


  • 613

End Page


  • 634

Volume


  • 70

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom