Skip to main content
placeholder image

Shopping Centre-led regeneration: Middle-ring town centres and suburban regeneration

Chapter


Abstract


  • Regeneration is conventionally associated with inner-city environments.

    However the ageing of middle-ring suburbs has encouraged a new round

    of activities aimed at suburban regeneration, including mixed-use retailled

    regeneration focused on a town centre (Randolph and Freestone 2008;

    Ruming et a1. 2010; Newton 2010). Such strategies involve strengthening the

    town centre through master planning retail redevelopment, improvements to

    public transport and the public domain, and increasing the density of housing

    around the shopping centre and transport hub. In the Australian context, this

    overlaps with a thrust for polycentric cities (more recently Malcolm Turnbull's

    '30-minute city') driven by the use retail development as a lever for the

    formation or revitalisation of a town centre, creating financing vehicles for

    public infrastructure investment and public domain improvements, providing

    employment opportunities, increasing housing supply (including affordable

    housing), and transit oriented development.

    Mixed-use retail-led regeneration can involve main street-style retail

    revitalisation but also can be triggered by shopping centre redevelopment

    (Southworth 2005). Such regeneration can emerge as an opportunity

    presented by private centre developers seeking to expand and enhance their

    retail investments. The wider (and modest) literature and policy discussions

    around mixed-used retail-led regeneration have largely been conducted

    in general terms, outlining the policy logics and aspirations (Southworth

    2005; Goodman and Coiacetto 2012). Generally lacking from this literature

    has been a careful appraisal of the importance of contextual specificities in

    which middle-ring regeneration is being mobilised (Ruming et a1. 2010).

    In this chapter, drawing on an analysis of attempts to induce the retail-led

    regeneration of Charlestown, a middle-ring suburb of Newcastle in NSW's

    Hunter region, we demonstrate the importance of contextual specificity

    to configuring the opportunities and limits of retail-led regeneration,

    particularly that focused on shopping centres. We show that, despite

    literature which tends to treat shopping centres as homogenous reflections

    of suburban development, they have specific connections to locally based patterns of retail development, population change dynamics, and transport

    developments. The types of regeneration that result may vary considerably

    across a city's middle-ring suburbs. Our analysis of Charlestown thus reveals

    the importance of more carefully considering the complexities of Australian

    cities' middle-ring suburbs and their regeneration.

UOW Authors


  •   Ruming, Kristian J. (external author)
  •   Mee, Kathy (external author)
  •   McGuirk, Pauline
  •   Sweeney, Jill (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Ruming, K., Mee, K., McGuirk, P. & Sweeney, J. (2018). Shopping Centre-led regeneration: Middle-ring town centres and suburban regeneration. In K. Ruming (Ed.), Urban Regeneration in Australia: Policies, Processes and Projects of Contemporary Urban Change (pp. 268-294). Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9781472471635

Book Title


  • Urban Regeneration in Australia: Policies, Processes and Projects of Contemporary Urban Change

Start Page


  • 268

End Page


  • 294

Place Of Publication


  • Abingdon, United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Regeneration is conventionally associated with inner-city environments.

    However the ageing of middle-ring suburbs has encouraged a new round

    of activities aimed at suburban regeneration, including mixed-use retailled

    regeneration focused on a town centre (Randolph and Freestone 2008;

    Ruming et a1. 2010; Newton 2010). Such strategies involve strengthening the

    town centre through master planning retail redevelopment, improvements to

    public transport and the public domain, and increasing the density of housing

    around the shopping centre and transport hub. In the Australian context, this

    overlaps with a thrust for polycentric cities (more recently Malcolm Turnbull's

    '30-minute city') driven by the use retail development as a lever for the

    formation or revitalisation of a town centre, creating financing vehicles for

    public infrastructure investment and public domain improvements, providing

    employment opportunities, increasing housing supply (including affordable

    housing), and transit oriented development.

    Mixed-use retail-led regeneration can involve main street-style retail

    revitalisation but also can be triggered by shopping centre redevelopment

    (Southworth 2005). Such regeneration can emerge as an opportunity

    presented by private centre developers seeking to expand and enhance their

    retail investments. The wider (and modest) literature and policy discussions

    around mixed-used retail-led regeneration have largely been conducted

    in general terms, outlining the policy logics and aspirations (Southworth

    2005; Goodman and Coiacetto 2012). Generally lacking from this literature

    has been a careful appraisal of the importance of contextual specificities in

    which middle-ring regeneration is being mobilised (Ruming et a1. 2010).

    In this chapter, drawing on an analysis of attempts to induce the retail-led

    regeneration of Charlestown, a middle-ring suburb of Newcastle in NSW's

    Hunter region, we demonstrate the importance of contextual specificity

    to configuring the opportunities and limits of retail-led regeneration,

    particularly that focused on shopping centres. We show that, despite

    literature which tends to treat shopping centres as homogenous reflections

    of suburban development, they have specific connections to locally based patterns of retail development, population change dynamics, and transport

    developments. The types of regeneration that result may vary considerably

    across a city's middle-ring suburbs. Our analysis of Charlestown thus reveals

    the importance of more carefully considering the complexities of Australian

    cities' middle-ring suburbs and their regeneration.

UOW Authors


  •   Ruming, Kristian J. (external author)
  •   Mee, Kathy (external author)
  •   McGuirk, Pauline
  •   Sweeney, Jill (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Ruming, K., Mee, K., McGuirk, P. & Sweeney, J. (2018). Shopping Centre-led regeneration: Middle-ring town centres and suburban regeneration. In K. Ruming (Ed.), Urban Regeneration in Australia: Policies, Processes and Projects of Contemporary Urban Change (pp. 268-294). Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9781472471635

Book Title


  • Urban Regeneration in Australia: Policies, Processes and Projects of Contemporary Urban Change

Start Page


  • 268

End Page


  • 294

Place Of Publication


  • Abingdon, United Kingdom