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Justifying knowledge, justifying method, taking action: epistemologies, methodologies, and methods in qualitative research

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • In this article, the authors clarify a framework for qualitative research, in particular for evaluating its quality, founded on epistemology, methodology, and method. They define these elements and discuss their respective contributions and interrelationships. Epistemology determines and is made visible through method, particularly in the participant— researcher relationship, measures of research quality, and form, voice, and representation in analysis and writing. Epistemology guides methodological choices and is axiological. Methodology shapes and is shaped by research objectives, questions, and study design. Methodologies can prescribe choices of method, resonate with particular academic disciplines, and encourage or discourage the use and/or development of theory. Method is constrained by and makes visible methodological and epistemic choices. If we define good quality qualitative research as research that attends to all three elements and demonstrates internal consistency between them, standardized checklists can be transcended and innovation and diversity in qualitative research practice facilitated.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Carter, S. M. & Little, M. (2007). Justifying knowledge, justifying method, taking action: epistemologies, methodologies, and methods in qualitative research. Qualitative Health Research, 17 (10), 1316-1328.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-36248990089

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4643&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3634

Number Of Pages


  • 12

Start Page


  • 1316

End Page


  • 1328

Volume


  • 17

Issue


  • 10

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • In this article, the authors clarify a framework for qualitative research, in particular for evaluating its quality, founded on epistemology, methodology, and method. They define these elements and discuss their respective contributions and interrelationships. Epistemology determines and is made visible through method, particularly in the participant— researcher relationship, measures of research quality, and form, voice, and representation in analysis and writing. Epistemology guides methodological choices and is axiological. Methodology shapes and is shaped by research objectives, questions, and study design. Methodologies can prescribe choices of method, resonate with particular academic disciplines, and encourage or discourage the use and/or development of theory. Method is constrained by and makes visible methodological and epistemic choices. If we define good quality qualitative research as research that attends to all three elements and demonstrates internal consistency between them, standardized checklists can be transcended and innovation and diversity in qualitative research practice facilitated.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Carter, S. M. & Little, M. (2007). Justifying knowledge, justifying method, taking action: epistemologies, methodologies, and methods in qualitative research. Qualitative Health Research, 17 (10), 1316-1328.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-36248990089

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4643&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3634

Number Of Pages


  • 12

Start Page


  • 1316

End Page


  • 1328

Volume


  • 17

Issue


  • 10

Place Of Publication


  • United States