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Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity, Associated Behaviors, and Weight-related Perceptions in a National Survey of Primary School Children in China

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Objective: To in vestigate potential gender differences in the odds of overweight/obese, weight-related perceptions, and behaviors among Chinese school children.

    Methods: Height, weight, and a survey of weight-related perceptions and behaviors were measured in a nationally representative survey of 12,811 children in primary schools in China. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess gender differences, adjusting for confounders.

    Results: Boys had higher odds of being overweight/obese compared to girls within both urban [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.30, 95% CI 2.00 to 2.65] and rural areas (OR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.55 to 2.20). Girls reported healthier diets (e.g., daily vegetables OR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.85) whereas boys consumed fried food (OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.38) and sugar-sweetened drinks more often (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.34 to 1.65). Gender differences included higher odds of boys perceiving themselves as overweight if they had more highly educated mothers (OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.68), less educated fathers (OR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.99), and if they frequently consumed carbonated drinks (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.05).

    Conclusion: Childhood obesity prevention in China should be gender-focused, particularly for boys who reported an unhealthier diet but were less likely to see they were fat, even though more boys were overweight or obese than girls.

Authors


  •   Zhang, Juan (external author)
  •   Zhai, Yi (external author)
  •   Feng, Xiaoqi
  •   Li, Wei Rong (external author)
  •   Lyu, Yue Bin (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Zhao, Peng Yu (external author)
  •   Shi, Xiaoming (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Zhang, J., Zhai, Y., Feng, X., Li, W., Lyu, Y., Astell-Burt, T., Zhao, P. & Shi, X. (2018). Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity, Associated Behaviors, and Weight-related Perceptions in a National Survey of Primary School Children in China. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 31 (1), 1-11.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85041830914

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/1212

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 11

Volume


  • 31

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Objective: To in vestigate potential gender differences in the odds of overweight/obese, weight-related perceptions, and behaviors among Chinese school children.

    Methods: Height, weight, and a survey of weight-related perceptions and behaviors were measured in a nationally representative survey of 12,811 children in primary schools in China. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess gender differences, adjusting for confounders.

    Results: Boys had higher odds of being overweight/obese compared to girls within both urban [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.30, 95% CI 2.00 to 2.65] and rural areas (OR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.55 to 2.20). Girls reported healthier diets (e.g., daily vegetables OR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.85) whereas boys consumed fried food (OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.38) and sugar-sweetened drinks more often (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.34 to 1.65). Gender differences included higher odds of boys perceiving themselves as overweight if they had more highly educated mothers (OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.68), less educated fathers (OR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.99), and if they frequently consumed carbonated drinks (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.05).

    Conclusion: Childhood obesity prevention in China should be gender-focused, particularly for boys who reported an unhealthier diet but were less likely to see they were fat, even though more boys were overweight or obese than girls.

Authors


  •   Zhang, Juan (external author)
  •   Zhai, Yi (external author)
  •   Feng, Xiaoqi
  •   Li, Wei Rong (external author)
  •   Lyu, Yue Bin (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Zhao, Peng Yu (external author)
  •   Shi, Xiaoming (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Zhang, J., Zhai, Y., Feng, X., Li, W., Lyu, Y., Astell-Burt, T., Zhao, P. & Shi, X. (2018). Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity, Associated Behaviors, and Weight-related Perceptions in a National Survey of Primary School Children in China. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 31 (1), 1-11.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85041830914

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/1212

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 11

Volume


  • 31

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom