Skip to main content
placeholder image

The effect of test kit provision, and individual and family education on the uptake rates of fecal occult blood test in an Asian population: a randomized controlled trial

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Purpose

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether fecal occult blood test (FOBT) home-delivery and individual education or combined with family education increases FOBT uptake rates in Singapore.

    Methods

    This is a randomized controlled intervention study of Singaporean residents aged 50 years and above, conducted in May 2012 till May 2013. Eligible individuals in randomly selected households were screened, and one member was randomly selected and allocated to one of the four arms: Group A (individual and family education, FOBT kits provided), Group B (individual education only, FOBT kits provided), Group C (no education, FOBT kits provided) and Group D (no education or FOBT kits provided).

    Results

    Overall response rate was 74.7 %. The FOBT return rates for groups A, B, C and D were 24.5 % [CI 16.2–34.4 %], 25.3 % [CI 16.4–36.0 %], 10.7 % [CI 4.7–19.9 %] and 2.2 % [CI 0.3–7.7 %], respectively. Respondents who were provided education and home-delivered FOBT kits were 15 times more likely to return FOBT kits [Group A: OR 15.0 (3.4–66.2); Group B: OR 15.5 (3.5–68.8)] and those provided with home-delivered FOBT without education were five times more likely to return FOBT kits [Group C: OR 5.8 (1.2–28.3)] than those without education and FOBT kits (Group D). There was no significant difference in return of FOBT kits whether education was provided to subject with or without a family member.

    Conclusion

    Home delivery of FOBT kits increased FOBT return rates and individual education combined with home-delivered FOBT increased FOBT return rates even further. However, additional combination with family education did not increase FOBT rates further.

UOW Authors


  •   Ha, Tam
  •   Yong, Sook Kwin (external author)
  •   Yeoh, Kheng Wei (external author)
  •   Kamberakis, Kay (external author)
  •   Yeo, Richard Ming Chert (external author)
  •   Koh, Gerald Choon Huat (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Ha, T. Can., Yong, S., Yeoh, K., Kamberakis, K., Yeo, R. & Koh, G. (2014). The effect of test kit provision, and individual and family education on the uptake rates of fecal occult blood test in an Asian population: a randomized controlled trial. Cancer Causes and Control, 25 (11), 1473-1488.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84911967835

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 15

Start Page


  • 1473

End Page


  • 1488

Volume


  • 25

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands

Abstract


  • Purpose

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether fecal occult blood test (FOBT) home-delivery and individual education or combined with family education increases FOBT uptake rates in Singapore.

    Methods

    This is a randomized controlled intervention study of Singaporean residents aged 50 years and above, conducted in May 2012 till May 2013. Eligible individuals in randomly selected households were screened, and one member was randomly selected and allocated to one of the four arms: Group A (individual and family education, FOBT kits provided), Group B (individual education only, FOBT kits provided), Group C (no education, FOBT kits provided) and Group D (no education or FOBT kits provided).

    Results

    Overall response rate was 74.7 %. The FOBT return rates for groups A, B, C and D were 24.5 % [CI 16.2–34.4 %], 25.3 % [CI 16.4–36.0 %], 10.7 % [CI 4.7–19.9 %] and 2.2 % [CI 0.3–7.7 %], respectively. Respondents who were provided education and home-delivered FOBT kits were 15 times more likely to return FOBT kits [Group A: OR 15.0 (3.4–66.2); Group B: OR 15.5 (3.5–68.8)] and those provided with home-delivered FOBT without education were five times more likely to return FOBT kits [Group C: OR 5.8 (1.2–28.3)] than those without education and FOBT kits (Group D). There was no significant difference in return of FOBT kits whether education was provided to subject with or without a family member.

    Conclusion

    Home delivery of FOBT kits increased FOBT return rates and individual education combined with home-delivered FOBT increased FOBT return rates even further. However, additional combination with family education did not increase FOBT rates further.

UOW Authors


  •   Ha, Tam
  •   Yong, Sook Kwin (external author)
  •   Yeoh, Kheng Wei (external author)
  •   Kamberakis, Kay (external author)
  •   Yeo, Richard Ming Chert (external author)
  •   Koh, Gerald Choon Huat (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Ha, T. Can., Yong, S., Yeoh, K., Kamberakis, K., Yeo, R. & Koh, G. (2014). The effect of test kit provision, and individual and family education on the uptake rates of fecal occult blood test in an Asian population: a randomized controlled trial. Cancer Causes and Control, 25 (11), 1473-1488.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84911967835

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 15

Start Page


  • 1473

End Page


  • 1488

Volume


  • 25

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands