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Obtaining a social licence for MPAs - influences on social acceptability

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The biological success of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) depends to a large extent on their social

    acceptability, sometimes referred to as a social licence. Local resistance has slowed international

    progress towards a global network of MPAs. The causes of local resistance and limited social acceptability

    are poorly known, which constrains the development of new planning paradigms that could address

    these issues. Two case studies in New South Wales, Australia determined the factors that influenced

    community attitudes towards MPAs. The Port Stephens-Great Lakes Marine Park (PSGLMP) and

    Batemans Marine Park (BMP) underwent virtually identical and concurrent planning processes, however

    resistance to the BMP was more intense and sustained. Differences in the demographics, history, local

    media coverage and social impacts of each marine park contributed to these different community

    responses. The BMP demonstrated the ‘perfect storm’ of opposition triggers – a community struggling in

    the transition away from a primary production economy, a highly politicised media dominated by

    powerful elites with ideological objections to the park, and social impacts sufficiently profound to

    motivate local citizens to support an active campaign against the park. These impacts included loss of

    access, identity and increased competition for resources. This research points to the importance of

    developing a deeper understanding of the social, cultural and political landscape of the communities in

    which MPAs are proposed and a rethink of planning processes to better incorporate community

    objectives and knowledge.

Authors


  •   Voyer, Michelle A.
  •   Gladstone, William (external author)
  •   Goodall, Heather (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Voyer, M., Gladstone, W. & Goodall, H. (2015). Obtaining a social licence for MPAs - influences on social acceptability. Marine Policy, 51 260-266.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84907477019

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 260

End Page


  • 266

Volume


  • 51

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • The biological success of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) depends to a large extent on their social

    acceptability, sometimes referred to as a social licence. Local resistance has slowed international

    progress towards a global network of MPAs. The causes of local resistance and limited social acceptability

    are poorly known, which constrains the development of new planning paradigms that could address

    these issues. Two case studies in New South Wales, Australia determined the factors that influenced

    community attitudes towards MPAs. The Port Stephens-Great Lakes Marine Park (PSGLMP) and

    Batemans Marine Park (BMP) underwent virtually identical and concurrent planning processes, however

    resistance to the BMP was more intense and sustained. Differences in the demographics, history, local

    media coverage and social impacts of each marine park contributed to these different community

    responses. The BMP demonstrated the ‘perfect storm’ of opposition triggers – a community struggling in

    the transition away from a primary production economy, a highly politicised media dominated by

    powerful elites with ideological objections to the park, and social impacts sufficiently profound to

    motivate local citizens to support an active campaign against the park. These impacts included loss of

    access, identity and increased competition for resources. This research points to the importance of

    developing a deeper understanding of the social, cultural and political landscape of the communities in

    which MPAs are proposed and a rethink of planning processes to better incorporate community

    objectives and knowledge.

Authors


  •   Voyer, Michelle A.
  •   Gladstone, William (external author)
  •   Goodall, Heather (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Voyer, M., Gladstone, W. & Goodall, H. (2015). Obtaining a social licence for MPAs - influences on social acceptability. Marine Policy, 51 260-266.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84907477019

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 260

End Page


  • 266

Volume


  • 51

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom