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Methods of social assessment in Marine Protected Area planning: Is public participation enough?

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Addressing social and economic considerations is crucial to the success of Marine Protected Area (MPA)

    planning and management. Ineffective social assessment can alienate local communities and undermine the success of existing and future MPAs. It is rare to critique the success of methods used

    currently to incorporate social and economic considerations into MPA planning. Three Australian MPA

    planning processes covering three states and incorporating federal and state jurisdictions are reviewed

    in order to determine how potential social impacts were assessed and considered. These case studies

    indicate that Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is under-developed in Australian MPA planning.

    Assessments rely heavily on public participation and economic modelling as surrogates for dedicated

    SIA and are followed commonly by attitudinal surveys to gauge public opinion on the MPA after its

    establishment. The emergence of issues around public perception of the value of MPAs indicates the

    failure of some of these proposals to adequately consider social factors in planning and management.

    This perception may have potential implications for the long term success of individual MPAs. It may

    also compromise Australia’s ability to meet international commitments for MPA targets to gazette at

    least 10% of all its marine habitats as MPAs. Indeed, this is demonstrated in two of the three case

    studies where social and economic arguments against MPAs have been used to delay or block the future

    expansion of the MPA network.

Authors


  •   Voyer, Michelle A.
  •   Gladstone, William (external author)
  •   Goodall, Heather (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Voyer, M., Gladstone, W. & Goodall, H. (2012). Methods of social assessment in Marine Protected Area planning: Is public participation enough?. Marine Policy, 36 (2), 432-439.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80052524627

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 432

End Page


  • 439

Volume


  • 36

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Addressing social and economic considerations is crucial to the success of Marine Protected Area (MPA)

    planning and management. Ineffective social assessment can alienate local communities and undermine the success of existing and future MPAs. It is rare to critique the success of methods used

    currently to incorporate social and economic considerations into MPA planning. Three Australian MPA

    planning processes covering three states and incorporating federal and state jurisdictions are reviewed

    in order to determine how potential social impacts were assessed and considered. These case studies

    indicate that Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is under-developed in Australian MPA planning.

    Assessments rely heavily on public participation and economic modelling as surrogates for dedicated

    SIA and are followed commonly by attitudinal surveys to gauge public opinion on the MPA after its

    establishment. The emergence of issues around public perception of the value of MPAs indicates the

    failure of some of these proposals to adequately consider social factors in planning and management.

    This perception may have potential implications for the long term success of individual MPAs. It may

    also compromise Australia’s ability to meet international commitments for MPA targets to gazette at

    least 10% of all its marine habitats as MPAs. Indeed, this is demonstrated in two of the three case

    studies where social and economic arguments against MPAs have been used to delay or block the future

    expansion of the MPA network.

Authors


  •   Voyer, Michelle A.
  •   Gladstone, William (external author)
  •   Goodall, Heather (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Voyer, M., Gladstone, W. & Goodall, H. (2012). Methods of social assessment in Marine Protected Area planning: Is public participation enough?. Marine Policy, 36 (2), 432-439.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80052524627

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 432

End Page


  • 439

Volume


  • 36

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom