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Associations between gross motor skills and physical activity in Australian toddlers

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Objectives: Physical activity can be promoted by high levels of gross motor skills. A systematic review found a positive relationship in children (3-18 years) but only few studies examined this in younger children. The aim of this study was to examine the association between gross motor skills and physical activity in children aged 11-29 months. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: This study involved 284 children from 30 childcare services in NSW, Australia (Mean age = 19.77. ±. 4.18. months, 53.2% boys). Physical activity was measured using accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X+). Gross motor skills were assessed using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales Second Edition (PDMS-2). Multilevel linear regression analyses were computed to assess associations between gross motor skills and physical activity, adjusting for sex, age and BMI. Results: Children spent 53.08% of their time in physical activity and 10.39% in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Boys had higher total physical activity (p < 0.01) and MVPA (p < 0.01) than girls. The average gross motor skills score was 96.16. Boys scored higher than girls in object manipulation (p < . 0.001). There was no association between gross motor skills and total physical activity or MVPA. Conclusions: Although gross motor skills were not associated with physical activity in this sample, stronger associations are apparent in older children. This study therefore highlights a potential important age to promote gross motor skills.

UOW Authors


  •   Veldman, Sanne L.C. (external author)
  •   Jones, Rachel
  •   Santos, Rute M. (external author)
  •   De Sousa Rodrigues de Sa, Eduarda Manuela (external author)
  •   Rodrigues Pereira, Joao Rafael (external author)
  •   Zhang, Zhiguang (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Veldman, S. L. C., Jones, R. A., Santos, R., Sousa- Sa, E., Pereira, J. R., Zhang, Z. & Okely, A. D. (2018). Associations between gross motor skills and physical activity in Australian toddlers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21 (8), 817-821.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85039754981

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3351

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 817

End Page


  • 821

Volume


  • 21

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


  • Australia

Abstract


  • Objectives: Physical activity can be promoted by high levels of gross motor skills. A systematic review found a positive relationship in children (3-18 years) but only few studies examined this in younger children. The aim of this study was to examine the association between gross motor skills and physical activity in children aged 11-29 months. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: This study involved 284 children from 30 childcare services in NSW, Australia (Mean age = 19.77. ±. 4.18. months, 53.2% boys). Physical activity was measured using accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X+). Gross motor skills were assessed using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales Second Edition (PDMS-2). Multilevel linear regression analyses were computed to assess associations between gross motor skills and physical activity, adjusting for sex, age and BMI. Results: Children spent 53.08% of their time in physical activity and 10.39% in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Boys had higher total physical activity (p < 0.01) and MVPA (p < 0.01) than girls. The average gross motor skills score was 96.16. Boys scored higher than girls in object manipulation (p < . 0.001). There was no association between gross motor skills and total physical activity or MVPA. Conclusions: Although gross motor skills were not associated with physical activity in this sample, stronger associations are apparent in older children. This study therefore highlights a potential important age to promote gross motor skills.

UOW Authors


  •   Veldman, Sanne L.C. (external author)
  •   Jones, Rachel
  •   Santos, Rute M. (external author)
  •   De Sousa Rodrigues de Sa, Eduarda Manuela (external author)
  •   Rodrigues Pereira, Joao Rafael (external author)
  •   Zhang, Zhiguang (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Veldman, S. L. C., Jones, R. A., Santos, R., Sousa- Sa, E., Pereira, J. R., Zhang, Z. & Okely, A. D. (2018). Associations between gross motor skills and physical activity in Australian toddlers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21 (8), 817-821.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85039754981

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/3351

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 817

End Page


  • 821

Volume


  • 21

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


  • Australia