The purpose of this chapter is to situate how the digitalized research environment
is changing the roles of researchers and participants, and how
these changes lead to more complex and less discrete ethics challenges.
Incorporating contemporary examples from the social sciences, we outline
the core challenges of the changing research landscape that embrace
both research actors (researcher, participant, and research users) and data
issues. The ethical implications related to research actors’ roles are discussed
by considering how data is accessed, how people can now participate
in research, and issues related to accessing participants. Digital data and
associated ethical issues are explored through examining authorship and
ownership, how digital data is produced, and how research transparency
can be achieved. Following on from this consideration of research actors
and data issues, we suggest which challenges have been re-contextualized by
the digital environment, and which are novel to the digital research context,
outlining six practical yet reflective questions for researchers to ask as a
way to navigate ethics in the digital research territory.