This study explores the effect of length to diameter (?/?) ratio on the axial load capacity of selfcompacting concrete-filled small diameter steel tube (SCFT) specimens. The SCFT specimens with ?/? ratio of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 were tested. Two different cold-formed steel tubes were used in the construction of the SCFT specimens. For each ?/? ratio, two specimens were tested. For tension tests, three specimens were tested for each type of unfilled steel tube. A total of 62 steel tube specimens were tested which included 6 specimens under axial tension and 56 specimens under axial compression. The experimental results of the SCFT specimens were compared with the estimates from three design standards: American Standard, Canadian Standard and European Standard (Eurocode 4). It was found that Eurocode 4 provided the best estimate, whereas American Standard provided the most conservative estimate. Also, when the ?/? ratio of SCFT specimens increased from 2 to 8, the parameter related to the effect of confinement concrete (??) which is calculated from Eurocode 4 decreased. Therefore, the decrease in ?? resulted in a decrease in the concrete enhancement factor. For SCFT specimens with ?/? ratio ≥ 10 the parameter ?? was negligible and resulted in the concrete enhancement factor =1.