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Enjoyment and behavioral intention predict organized youth sport participation and dropout

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Background: Dropout from organized youth sport has significant adverse health implications. Enjoyment and behavioral intentions have consistently been linked with participation and dropout; however, few studies have investigated these links using a prospective design. This study explored whether enjoyment and intentions to continue predicted dropout behavior at 1-year follow-up. Methods: Questionnaires were completed by 327 regular sport participants (mean age = 13.01 y at baseline). After 1 year, 247 individuals (75.5%) continued participating in their main sport and 26 individuals (8%) dropped out. A hierarchical logistic regression model estimated the probability of dropout. In step 1, the following covariates were included: age, sex, competition level, perceived competence, parental support, coach-athlete relationship, friendship quality, and peer acceptance. In step 2, enjoyment and intentions to continue were included. Results: Step 1 indicated that age, parental support, coach-athlete relationship quality, and peer acceptance were significantly associated with dropout. Step 2 explained further variance in dropout, with both enjoyment and intentions inversely associated with dropout. Peer acceptance was the only covariate to remain significantly associated with dropout in step 2. Conclusions: Findings support the use of enjoyment and behavioral intentions as indicators of sport participation/dropout behavior and may aid the development of interventions aimed at preventing future dropout.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Gardner, L., Magee, C. & Vella, S. (2017). Enjoyment and behavioral intention predict organized youth sport participation and dropout. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 14 (11), 861-865.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85032293598

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 861

End Page


  • 865

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Background: Dropout from organized youth sport has significant adverse health implications. Enjoyment and behavioral intentions have consistently been linked with participation and dropout; however, few studies have investigated these links using a prospective design. This study explored whether enjoyment and intentions to continue predicted dropout behavior at 1-year follow-up. Methods: Questionnaires were completed by 327 regular sport participants (mean age = 13.01 y at baseline). After 1 year, 247 individuals (75.5%) continued participating in their main sport and 26 individuals (8%) dropped out. A hierarchical logistic regression model estimated the probability of dropout. In step 1, the following covariates were included: age, sex, competition level, perceived competence, parental support, coach-athlete relationship, friendship quality, and peer acceptance. In step 2, enjoyment and intentions to continue were included. Results: Step 1 indicated that age, parental support, coach-athlete relationship quality, and peer acceptance were significantly associated with dropout. Step 2 explained further variance in dropout, with both enjoyment and intentions inversely associated with dropout. Peer acceptance was the only covariate to remain significantly associated with dropout in step 2. Conclusions: Findings support the use of enjoyment and behavioral intentions as indicators of sport participation/dropout behavior and may aid the development of interventions aimed at preventing future dropout.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Gardner, L., Magee, C. & Vella, S. (2017). Enjoyment and behavioral intention predict organized youth sport participation and dropout. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 14 (11), 861-865.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85032293598

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 861

End Page


  • 865

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • United States