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The Effects of World War II Military Service: Evidence from Australia

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Outside of the United States, few studies have estimated the effects of World War II service. In Australia, general war-time conscription and minimal involvement in the Korean War led to large cohort differences in military service rates, which we use for identification. We find a small, temporary negative effect on employment and a substantial positive effect on post-school qualifications, but not at the university level. While service increased home ownership slightly, it greatly reduced outright home ownership, consistent with the incentives provided by veterans' housing benefits. We also find a positive effect on marriage, but only from 1971.

UOW Authors


  •   Cousley, Alex (external author)
  •   Siminski, Peter M. (external author)
  •   Ville, Simon

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Cousley, A., Siminski, P. & Ville, S. (2017). The Effects of World War II Military Service: Evidence from Australia. The Journal of Economic History, 77 (3), 838-865.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85028345590

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4169&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/3157

Number Of Pages


  • 27

Start Page


  • 838

End Page


  • 865

Volume


  • 77

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Outside of the United States, few studies have estimated the effects of World War II service. In Australia, general war-time conscription and minimal involvement in the Korean War led to large cohort differences in military service rates, which we use for identification. We find a small, temporary negative effect on employment and a substantial positive effect on post-school qualifications, but not at the university level. While service increased home ownership slightly, it greatly reduced outright home ownership, consistent with the incentives provided by veterans' housing benefits. We also find a positive effect on marriage, but only from 1971.

UOW Authors


  •   Cousley, Alex (external author)
  •   Siminski, Peter M. (external author)
  •   Ville, Simon

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Cousley, A., Siminski, P. & Ville, S. (2017). The Effects of World War II Military Service: Evidence from Australia. The Journal of Economic History, 77 (3), 838-865.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85028345590

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4169&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/3157

Number Of Pages


  • 27

Start Page


  • 838

End Page


  • 865

Volume


  • 77

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom