Introduction: There are currently 19 million people living with dementia in Taiwan in 2009 with more than 17 million of those are aged over 65 years old, and is expected to increase to 72 million by 2056 (Taiwan Alzheimer’s Disease Association, 2015). With the continued growth of Taiwanese older population, their mental health becomes an issue of concern especially the high incidence of depression in Taiwanese ageing population. To reduce the depression of people living with dementia, various non-pharmacological approaches have been introduced, such as memory training, music therapy, and behavioral therapy. Although the effectiveness of these alternative approaches has not generally been established, reminiscence intervention is one of the approaches suggested in order to reducing depression, improving self-esteem and psychology wellbeing.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of group reminiscence therapy upon
depression of people living with dementia within dementia specific day care centers in Taiwan.
Methods: A unique pre-test-post-test, quasi-experimental design counterbalanced with a qualitative grounded theory video analysis of facial expression, behaviour and Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) were used to measure the effects of group reminiscence therapy. The study recruited 21 participants from two dementia specific day care centers, comprising of a series of 6 group sessions over a 6 weeks period.
Results: The findings highlighted improvements in depression, communication, and positive mood after group reminiscence intervention. The results also showed participants scored higher on average during the Chinese New Year and marriage reminiscence activities compared to the other activities, revealing the subject matters extraordinarily significance.
Conclusion: This study provides evidence supporting the proposition that undertaking a cultural focus reminiscence therapy may produce significant psychosocial improvements for a person with dementia.