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Breast volume is affected by body mass index but not age

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Background: This study aimed to establish normative breast volume data for women of varying ages, body masses and breast sizes, and to determine the effect of age and body mass index (BMI) on breast volume. Methods: The breast volume of 356 women (age range: 18.1¿83.7 years; BMI range: 18.4¿54.5 kg/m²) was measured using three-dimensional scanning in a prone position. Results: Breast volumes ranged from 48 to 3100 mL. Although breast volume was not significantly affected by age, it was significantly affected by BMI, with the breast volume of overweight and obese women being two-to-three times greater than women with normal BMI¿s. Conclusion: It is recommended that bra cups must be designed to support the wide range and increasing magnitude of breast volumes exhibited by women. Practitioner summary: This original research provides evidence for bra designers and manufacturers on the range of breast volumes of women and the significant effect of BMI on breast volume. Bra cups need to be designed to support the wide range and increasing magnitude of breast volumes exhibited by women.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Coltman, C. E., Steele, J. R. & McGhee, D. E. (2017). Breast volume is affected by body mass index but not age. Ergonomics: an international journal of research and practice in human factors and ergonomics, 60 (11), 1576-1585.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85020644072

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/4998

Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 1576

End Page


  • 1585

Volume


  • 60

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Background: This study aimed to establish normative breast volume data for women of varying ages, body masses and breast sizes, and to determine the effect of age and body mass index (BMI) on breast volume. Methods: The breast volume of 356 women (age range: 18.1¿83.7 years; BMI range: 18.4¿54.5 kg/m²) was measured using three-dimensional scanning in a prone position. Results: Breast volumes ranged from 48 to 3100 mL. Although breast volume was not significantly affected by age, it was significantly affected by BMI, with the breast volume of overweight and obese women being two-to-three times greater than women with normal BMI¿s. Conclusion: It is recommended that bra cups must be designed to support the wide range and increasing magnitude of breast volumes exhibited by women. Practitioner summary: This original research provides evidence for bra designers and manufacturers on the range of breast volumes of women and the significant effect of BMI on breast volume. Bra cups need to be designed to support the wide range and increasing magnitude of breast volumes exhibited by women.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Coltman, C. E., Steele, J. R. & McGhee, D. E. (2017). Breast volume is affected by body mass index but not age. Ergonomics: an international journal of research and practice in human factors and ergonomics, 60 (11), 1576-1585.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85020644072

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/4998

Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 1576

End Page


  • 1585

Volume


  • 60

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom