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Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011–13 Australian Health Survey

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Objective: The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose

    mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods

    category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g

    for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole

    grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole

    grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to

    determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current

    recommendations.

    Design: A recently updated whole grain database was applied to the most

    current population dietary intake data. Single 24 h dietary recall intake data were

    reviewed against age group, sex, relative to energy intake and whole grain

    recommendations.

    Setting: Australia.

    Subjects: Australians (2–85 years) participating in the 2011–13 Australian Health

    Survey (n 12 153).

    Results: The median daily whole grain intake was 21 g for adults (19–85 years)

    and 17 g for children/adolescents (2–18 years), or 28 and 23 g/10 MJ per d,

    respectively. Approximately 30% of children/adolescents consumed no whole

    grains on the day of the survey. Whole grain intake was lowest for the age group

    14–18 years (8·7 g/d). Of all participants aged ≥9 years, 73% did not reach the

    recommended Daily Target Intake of 48 g.

    Conclusions: Whole grain intake in Australia is below recommendations in all age

    groups. Adolescents may be a key target for campaigns to increase whole grain

    consumption. This study provides the first quantification of absolute whole grain

    intake from all food sources in a national sample of Australians.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Galea, L. M., Beck, E. J., Probst, Y. C. & Cashman, C. J. (2017). Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011–13 Australian Health Survey. Public Health Nutrition, 20 (12), 2166-2172.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85020653416

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/context/smhpapers/article/5980/type/native/viewcontent

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/4930

Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 2166

End Page


  • 2172

Volume


  • 20

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Objective: The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose

    mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods

    category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g

    for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole

    grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole

    grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to

    determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current

    recommendations.

    Design: A recently updated whole grain database was applied to the most

    current population dietary intake data. Single 24 h dietary recall intake data were

    reviewed against age group, sex, relative to energy intake and whole grain

    recommendations.

    Setting: Australia.

    Subjects: Australians (2–85 years) participating in the 2011–13 Australian Health

    Survey (n 12 153).

    Results: The median daily whole grain intake was 21 g for adults (19–85 years)

    and 17 g for children/adolescents (2–18 years), or 28 and 23 g/10 MJ per d,

    respectively. Approximately 30% of children/adolescents consumed no whole

    grains on the day of the survey. Whole grain intake was lowest for the age group

    14–18 years (8·7 g/d). Of all participants aged ≥9 years, 73% did not reach the

    recommended Daily Target Intake of 48 g.

    Conclusions: Whole grain intake in Australia is below recommendations in all age

    groups. Adolescents may be a key target for campaigns to increase whole grain

    consumption. This study provides the first quantification of absolute whole grain

    intake from all food sources in a national sample of Australians.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Galea, L. M., Beck, E. J., Probst, Y. C. & Cashman, C. J. (2017). Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011–13 Australian Health Survey. Public Health Nutrition, 20 (12), 2166-2172.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85020653416

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/context/smhpapers/article/5980/type/native/viewcontent

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/4930

Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 2166

End Page


  • 2172

Volume


  • 20

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom