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Biofouling Mitigation in Forward Osmosis Using Graphene Oxide Functionalized Thin-Film Composite Membranes

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging membrane process with potential applications in the treatment of highly fouling feedwaters. However, biofouling, the adhesion of microorganisms to the membrane and the subsequent formation of biofilms, remains a major limitation since antifouling membrane modifications offer limited protection against biofouling. In this study, we evaluated the use of graphene oxide (GO) for biofouling mitigation in FO. GO functionalization of thin-film composite membranes (GO-TFC) increased the surface hydrophilicity and imparted antimicrobial activity to the membrane without altering its transport properties. After 1 h of contact time, deposition and viability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells on GO-TFC were reduced by 36% and 30%, respectively, compared to pristine membranes. When GO-TFC membranes were tested for treatment of an artificial secondary wastewater supplemented with P. aeruginosa, membrane biofouling was reduced by 50% after 24 h of operation. This biofouling resistance is attributed to the reduced accumulation of microbial biomass on GO-TFC compared to pristine membranes. In addition, confocal microscopy demonstrated that cells deposited on the membrane surface are inactivated, resulting in a layer of dead cells on GO-TFC that limit biofilm formation. These findings highlight the potential of GO to be used for biofouling mitigation in FO.

Authors


  •   Perreault, Francois (external author)
  •   Jaramillo, Humberto (external author)
  •   Xie, Ming (external author)
  •   Ude, Mercy (external author)
  •   Nghiem, Long D.
  •   Elimelech, Menachem (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Perreault, F., Jaramillo, H., Xie, M., Ude, M., Nghiem, L. D. & Elimelech, M. (2016). Biofouling Mitigation in Forward Osmosis Using Graphene Oxide Functionalized Thin-Film Composite Membranes. Environmental Science and Technology (Washington), 50 (11), 5840-5848.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84973649178

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1248&context=eispapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers1/247

Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 5840

End Page


  • 5848

Volume


  • 50

Issue


  • 11

Abstract


  • Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging membrane process with potential applications in the treatment of highly fouling feedwaters. However, biofouling, the adhesion of microorganisms to the membrane and the subsequent formation of biofilms, remains a major limitation since antifouling membrane modifications offer limited protection against biofouling. In this study, we evaluated the use of graphene oxide (GO) for biofouling mitigation in FO. GO functionalization of thin-film composite membranes (GO-TFC) increased the surface hydrophilicity and imparted antimicrobial activity to the membrane without altering its transport properties. After 1 h of contact time, deposition and viability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells on GO-TFC were reduced by 36% and 30%, respectively, compared to pristine membranes. When GO-TFC membranes were tested for treatment of an artificial secondary wastewater supplemented with P. aeruginosa, membrane biofouling was reduced by 50% after 24 h of operation. This biofouling resistance is attributed to the reduced accumulation of microbial biomass on GO-TFC compared to pristine membranes. In addition, confocal microscopy demonstrated that cells deposited on the membrane surface are inactivated, resulting in a layer of dead cells on GO-TFC that limit biofilm formation. These findings highlight the potential of GO to be used for biofouling mitigation in FO.

Authors


  •   Perreault, Francois (external author)
  •   Jaramillo, Humberto (external author)
  •   Xie, Ming (external author)
  •   Ude, Mercy (external author)
  •   Nghiem, Long D.
  •   Elimelech, Menachem (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Perreault, F., Jaramillo, H., Xie, M., Ude, M., Nghiem, L. D. & Elimelech, M. (2016). Biofouling Mitigation in Forward Osmosis Using Graphene Oxide Functionalized Thin-Film Composite Membranes. Environmental Science and Technology (Washington), 50 (11), 5840-5848.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84973649178

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1248&context=eispapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers1/247

Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 5840

End Page


  • 5848

Volume


  • 50

Issue


  • 11