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Synthesis and characterisation of MWNT/chitosan and MWNT/chitosan-crosslinked buckypaper membranes for desalination

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Novel buckypaper (BP) membranes for nanofiltration application were fabricated from multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) and biopolymer containing quaternary amine groups (chitosan and chitosan-crosslinked by in-situ amine crosslinking). Characteristics of the BP membranes were systematically characterized in terms of mechanical (tensile strengths varied between 49 ± 4 and 59 ± 3 MPa) and electrical properties (60 ± 1 to 70 ± 1 S/cm), contact angle (76 ± 3° to 102 ± 3°), surface morphology, membrane swelling, pore size, surface charge, solubility, water permeability (ranging from 019 ± 0.01 to 0.87 ± 0.03 L m-2 h-1 bar-1), and salts rejection (80-95% for MgCl2, 21-63% for NaCl, 18-37% for MgSO4 and 6-14% for Na2SO4). These BP membranes were able to sustain up to 18 bar of pressure. Their properties were significantly affected by the type of biopolymer modifiers. The highest water permeability was obtained with the MWNT/chitosan BP membrane, while the MWNT/chitosan-crosslinked membranes showed the best salt rejection performance. In addition, separation performance by these membranes appeared to be governed by the unhydrated radii of these inorganic salts.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Alshahrani, A. A., Al-Zoubi, H., Nghiem, L. D. & in het Panhuis, M. (2017). Synthesis and characterisation of MWNT/chitosan and MWNT/chitosan-crosslinked buckypaper membranes for desalination. Desalination, 418 60-70.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85019661705

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 60

End Page


  • 70

Volume


  • 418

Abstract


  • Novel buckypaper (BP) membranes for nanofiltration application were fabricated from multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) and biopolymer containing quaternary amine groups (chitosan and chitosan-crosslinked by in-situ amine crosslinking). Characteristics of the BP membranes were systematically characterized in terms of mechanical (tensile strengths varied between 49 ± 4 and 59 ± 3 MPa) and electrical properties (60 ± 1 to 70 ± 1 S/cm), contact angle (76 ± 3° to 102 ± 3°), surface morphology, membrane swelling, pore size, surface charge, solubility, water permeability (ranging from 019 ± 0.01 to 0.87 ± 0.03 L m-2 h-1 bar-1), and salts rejection (80-95% for MgCl2, 21-63% for NaCl, 18-37% for MgSO4 and 6-14% for Na2SO4). These BP membranes were able to sustain up to 18 bar of pressure. Their properties were significantly affected by the type of biopolymer modifiers. The highest water permeability was obtained with the MWNT/chitosan BP membrane, while the MWNT/chitosan-crosslinked membranes showed the best salt rejection performance. In addition, separation performance by these membranes appeared to be governed by the unhydrated radii of these inorganic salts.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Alshahrani, A. A., Al-Zoubi, H., Nghiem, L. D. & in het Panhuis, M. (2017). Synthesis and characterisation of MWNT/chitosan and MWNT/chitosan-crosslinked buckypaper membranes for desalination. Desalination, 418 60-70.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85019661705

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 60

End Page


  • 70

Volume


  • 418