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Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance in Sport: Toward an Integrated Model of Flow and Clutch States

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • This study investigated the psychological states underlying excellent performance in 26 athletes (Mage = 29 years, SD = 7.7) across a range of sports (team, net/wall, sprint, endurance, adventure) and standards (world class to recreational). Participants were primarily interviewed on average 4 days after excellent performances. The data were analyzed thematically. Distinct states of flow and clutch were reported, each of which occurred through separate contexts and processes, while athletes also transitioned between states during performance. These findings extend current knowledge of the psychology of excellent performance and are discussed in terms of implications for future research and applied practice.

Authors


  •   Swann, Christian F. (external author)
  •   Crust, Lee (external author)
  •   Jackman, Patricia C. (external author)
  •   Vella, Stewart A.
  •   Allen, Mark S.
  •   Keegan, Richard J. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Swann, C., Crust, L., Jackman, P., Vella, S. A., Allen, M. S. & Keegan, R. (2017). Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance in Sport: Toward an Integrated Model of Flow and Clutch States. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 29 (4), 375-401.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85011309103

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3920&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2917

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 26

Start Page


  • 375

End Page


  • 401

Volume


  • 29

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • This study investigated the psychological states underlying excellent performance in 26 athletes (Mage = 29 years, SD = 7.7) across a range of sports (team, net/wall, sprint, endurance, adventure) and standards (world class to recreational). Participants were primarily interviewed on average 4 days after excellent performances. The data were analyzed thematically. Distinct states of flow and clutch were reported, each of which occurred through separate contexts and processes, while athletes also transitioned between states during performance. These findings extend current knowledge of the psychology of excellent performance and are discussed in terms of implications for future research and applied practice.

Authors


  •   Swann, Christian F. (external author)
  •   Crust, Lee (external author)
  •   Jackman, Patricia C. (external author)
  •   Vella, Stewart A.
  •   Allen, Mark S.
  •   Keegan, Richard J. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Swann, C., Crust, L., Jackman, P., Vella, S. A., Allen, M. S. & Keegan, R. (2017). Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance in Sport: Toward an Integrated Model of Flow and Clutch States. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 29 (4), 375-401.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85011309103

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3920&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2917

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 26

Start Page


  • 375

End Page


  • 401

Volume


  • 29

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United States