Background: The term Food addiction refers to the overconsumption
of hyper palatable food stuffs in order to elicit the pleasurable sensation
of neural dopaminergic release. Well documented, obese persons
possess a strong preference for high calorie, hyper palatable food stuffs.
Objective: To debate the existence of food addiction as a nosological
Methods: Renaming of the diagnostic category is a crucial turning
point in the official psychiatric conceptualization of Food addiction. This
presentation outlines the summary of literature and our studies to justify
or otherwise, controversies emerging as a result. Following a review
of literature on food addiction, a systematic approach to management
of FA is proposed.
Results: Considering the detrimental physiological consequences,
surreptitious behavioural patterns, social isolation, craving and impaired
control associated with addictive food intake patterns, the food addiction
concept is in harmony with the DSM-5 ideology of addiction. In addition
to providing a road map for the treatment of FA, this research will also
assist with clarifying the true nature of the phenomenon of FA including
the course of the illness.
Conclusions: There is a need to focus on the measurement, treatment
and course of Food addiction. Better methods for assessment of
psychological, behavioural, and psychosocial variables that may be
related to food addiction are needed.