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Correlates of gross motor competence in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Background Gross motor competence confers health

    benefits, but levels in children and adolescents are low.

    While interventions can improve gross motor competence,

    it remains unclear which correlates should be targeted to

    ensure interventions are most effective, and for whom

    targeted and tailored interventions should be developed.

    Objective The aim of this systematic review was to

    identify the potential correlates of gross motor competence

    in typically developing children and adolescents (aged

    3–18 years) using an ecological approach.

    Methods Motor competence was defined as gross motor

    skill competency, encompassing fundamental movement

    skills and motor coordination, but excluding motor fitness.

    Studies needed to assess a summary score of at least one

    aspect of motor competence (i.e., object control, locomotor,

    stability, or motor coordination). A structured electronic

    literature search was conducted in accordance with

    the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and

    Meta-Analyses statement. Six electronic databases

    (CINAHL Complete, ERIC, MEDLINE Complete,

    PsycINFO, Scopus and SPORTDiscus with Full Text)

    were searched from 1994 to 5 August 2014. Meta-analyses

    were conducted to determine the relationship between

    potential correlates and motor competency if at least three

    individual studies investigated the same correlate and also

    reported standardized regression coefficients.

    Results A total of 59 studies were identified from 22

    different countries, published between 1995 and 2014.

    Studies reflected the full range of age groups. The most

    examined correlates were biological and demographic

    factors. Age (increasing) was a correlate of children’s

    motor competence. Weight status (healthy), sex (male) and

    socioeconomic background (higher) were consistent correlates

    for certain aspects of motor competence only.

    Physical activity and sport participation constituted the

    majority of investigations in the behavioral attributes and

    skills category. Whilst we found physical activity to be a

    positive correlate of skill composite and motor coordination,

    we also found indeterminate evidence for physical

    activity being a correlate of object control or locomotor

    skill competence. Few studies investigated cognitive,

    emotional and psychological factors, cultural and social

    factors or physical environment factors as correlates of

    motor competence.

    Conclusion This systematic review is the first that has

    investigated correlates of gross motor competence in children

    and adolescents. A strength is that we categorized

    correlates according to the specific ways motor competence

    has been defined and operationalized (object control, motor

    coordination, etc.), which enables us to have an understanding

    of what correlates assist what types of motor

    competence. Indeed our findings do suggest that evidence

    for some correlates differs according to how motor competence

    is operationalized.

Authors


  •   Barnett, Lisa M. (external author)
  •   Lai, Samuel K. (external author)
  •   Veldman, Sanne L.C. (external author)
  •   Hardy, Louise L. (external author)
  •   Cliff, Dylan P
  •   Morgan, Philip J. (external author)
  •   Zask, Avigdor (external author)
  •   Lubans, David R. (external author)
  •   Shultz, Sarah P. (external author)
  •   Ridgers, Nicola D. (external author)
  •   Rush, Elaine (external author)
  •   Brown, Helen (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony D.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Barnett, L. M., Lai, S. K., Veldman, S. L. C., Hardy, L. L., Cliff, D. P., Morgan, P. J., Zask, A., Lubans, D. R., Shultz, S. P., Ridgers, N. D., Rush, E., Brown, H. L. & Okely, A. D. (2016). Correlates of gross motor competence in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 46 (11), 1663-1688.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84990931035

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3684&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2682

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 25

Start Page


  • 1663

End Page


  • 1688

Volume


  • 46

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • New Zealand

Abstract


  • Background Gross motor competence confers health

    benefits, but levels in children and adolescents are low.

    While interventions can improve gross motor competence,

    it remains unclear which correlates should be targeted to

    ensure interventions are most effective, and for whom

    targeted and tailored interventions should be developed.

    Objective The aim of this systematic review was to

    identify the potential correlates of gross motor competence

    in typically developing children and adolescents (aged

    3–18 years) using an ecological approach.

    Methods Motor competence was defined as gross motor

    skill competency, encompassing fundamental movement

    skills and motor coordination, but excluding motor fitness.

    Studies needed to assess a summary score of at least one

    aspect of motor competence (i.e., object control, locomotor,

    stability, or motor coordination). A structured electronic

    literature search was conducted in accordance with

    the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and

    Meta-Analyses statement. Six electronic databases

    (CINAHL Complete, ERIC, MEDLINE Complete,

    PsycINFO, Scopus and SPORTDiscus with Full Text)

    were searched from 1994 to 5 August 2014. Meta-analyses

    were conducted to determine the relationship between

    potential correlates and motor competency if at least three

    individual studies investigated the same correlate and also

    reported standardized regression coefficients.

    Results A total of 59 studies were identified from 22

    different countries, published between 1995 and 2014.

    Studies reflected the full range of age groups. The most

    examined correlates were biological and demographic

    factors. Age (increasing) was a correlate of children’s

    motor competence. Weight status (healthy), sex (male) and

    socioeconomic background (higher) were consistent correlates

    for certain aspects of motor competence only.

    Physical activity and sport participation constituted the

    majority of investigations in the behavioral attributes and

    skills category. Whilst we found physical activity to be a

    positive correlate of skill composite and motor coordination,

    we also found indeterminate evidence for physical

    activity being a correlate of object control or locomotor

    skill competence. Few studies investigated cognitive,

    emotional and psychological factors, cultural and social

    factors or physical environment factors as correlates of

    motor competence.

    Conclusion This systematic review is the first that has

    investigated correlates of gross motor competence in children

    and adolescents. A strength is that we categorized

    correlates according to the specific ways motor competence

    has been defined and operationalized (object control, motor

    coordination, etc.), which enables us to have an understanding

    of what correlates assist what types of motor

    competence. Indeed our findings do suggest that evidence

    for some correlates differs according to how motor competence

    is operationalized.

Authors


  •   Barnett, Lisa M. (external author)
  •   Lai, Samuel K. (external author)
  •   Veldman, Sanne L.C. (external author)
  •   Hardy, Louise L. (external author)
  •   Cliff, Dylan P
  •   Morgan, Philip J. (external author)
  •   Zask, Avigdor (external author)
  •   Lubans, David R. (external author)
  •   Shultz, Sarah P. (external author)
  •   Ridgers, Nicola D. (external author)
  •   Rush, Elaine (external author)
  •   Brown, Helen (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony D.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Barnett, L. M., Lai, S. K., Veldman, S. L. C., Hardy, L. L., Cliff, D. P., Morgan, P. J., Zask, A., Lubans, D. R., Shultz, S. P., Ridgers, N. D., Rush, E., Brown, H. L. & Okely, A. D. (2016). Correlates of gross motor competence in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 46 (11), 1663-1688.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84990931035

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3684&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2682

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 25

Start Page


  • 1663

End Page


  • 1688

Volume


  • 46

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • New Zealand