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Exploring patterns of visual attention during learning

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Research using the deferred imitation paradigm has shown that memory retrieval in humans becomes progressively more flexible across the infancy period (for review see Jones&Herbert, 2006). The aim of this research was to determine whether changes in the focus of attention during learning might account for early developmental changes in memory retrieval. An SMI remote eye-tracker measured visual fixations by 6-, 9- and 12-month-old infants, and an adult comparison group as they watched an imitation demonstration on the computer. Infants and adults were tested for immediate

    visual recognition of event components and infants were also tested for behavioural recall of the target actions. During the demonstration, infants spent the greatest proportion of time attending to the object and person while adults primarily attended to the object. There were also significant differences between infants who showed evidence of behavioural recall of the actions and

    infants who did not: imitators spent significantly more time than nonimitators attending to the person, and less time attending to the background. Across age, participants showed no evidence of recognition memory for event components, suggesting that merely attending to event components is

    not sufficient for later recognition. Taken together, these findings show that even when recognition memory for the individual event components is limited, attentional focus during learning plays a role in overall event recall.

    Changes in attentional focus from infancy to adulthood potentially reflect

    developments in how individuals understand or interpret events during

    learning, and may thus contribute toward developmental changes in memory

    retrieval.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Taylor, G. & Herbert, J. S. (2012). Exploring patterns of visual attention during learning. Developmental Psychobiology, 54 (7), 769-769. New Orleans, United States Annual Meeting of the International Society for Developmental Psychobiology

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2625

Number Of Pages


  • 0

Start Page


  • 769

End Page


  • 769

Volume


  • 54

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Research using the deferred imitation paradigm has shown that memory retrieval in humans becomes progressively more flexible across the infancy period (for review see Jones&Herbert, 2006). The aim of this research was to determine whether changes in the focus of attention during learning might account for early developmental changes in memory retrieval. An SMI remote eye-tracker measured visual fixations by 6-, 9- and 12-month-old infants, and an adult comparison group as they watched an imitation demonstration on the computer. Infants and adults were tested for immediate

    visual recognition of event components and infants were also tested for behavioural recall of the target actions. During the demonstration, infants spent the greatest proportion of time attending to the object and person while adults primarily attended to the object. There were also significant differences between infants who showed evidence of behavioural recall of the actions and

    infants who did not: imitators spent significantly more time than nonimitators attending to the person, and less time attending to the background. Across age, participants showed no evidence of recognition memory for event components, suggesting that merely attending to event components is

    not sufficient for later recognition. Taken together, these findings show that even when recognition memory for the individual event components is limited, attentional focus during learning plays a role in overall event recall.

    Changes in attentional focus from infancy to adulthood potentially reflect

    developments in how individuals understand or interpret events during

    learning, and may thus contribute toward developmental changes in memory

    retrieval.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Taylor, G. & Herbert, J. S. (2012). Exploring patterns of visual attention during learning. Developmental Psychobiology, 54 (7), 769-769. New Orleans, United States Annual Meeting of the International Society for Developmental Psychobiology

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2625

Number Of Pages


  • 0

Start Page


  • 769

End Page


  • 769

Volume


  • 54

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • United States