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Effect of sorghum consumption on health outcomes: A systematic review

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Sorghum, an ancient grain originating in Africa, may have healthprotective

    properties that could encourage its consumption among those who do

    not traditionally consume it. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to

    evaluate the health effects associated with the consumption of sorghum among

    humans. Data Sources: Academic databases were searched for relevant studies

    published between 1985 and November 2015. Study Selection: Nineteen studies –

    13 interventional and 6 observational – were identified for inclusion. Data

    Extraction: Participant characteristics, study country, health outcomes, main findings,

    and study quality were reported. Interventional and observational studies

    were summarized separately. Results: Studies were divided into those that investigated

    the effect of sorghum on chronic disease and those that investigated other

    effects of sorghum on health. There was evidence that the consumption of sorghum

    attenuated blood glucose responses and decreased the expression of markers of

    oxidative stress. Sorghum was also observed to be a suitable ingredient for the formulation

    of oral rehydration solutions and showed potential for use as a medical

    adjunct to boost immune responses in HIV-positive patients. Conclusions: The implication

    is that sorghum may have attributes superior to those of other staple

    grains, indicating its potential for innovative uses in commercial foods. More work

    is required to elucidate the health effects of sorghum when consumed by population

    groups that have not been traditional consumers of the grain.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Simnadis, T. G., Tapsell, L. C. & Beck, E. J. (2016). Effect of sorghum consumption on health outcomes: A systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, 74 (11), 690-707.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84997824404

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/928

Number Of Pages


  • 17

Start Page


  • 690

End Page


  • 707

Volume


  • 74

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Sorghum, an ancient grain originating in Africa, may have healthprotective

    properties that could encourage its consumption among those who do

    not traditionally consume it. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to

    evaluate the health effects associated with the consumption of sorghum among

    humans. Data Sources: Academic databases were searched for relevant studies

    published between 1985 and November 2015. Study Selection: Nineteen studies –

    13 interventional and 6 observational – were identified for inclusion. Data

    Extraction: Participant characteristics, study country, health outcomes, main findings,

    and study quality were reported. Interventional and observational studies

    were summarized separately. Results: Studies were divided into those that investigated

    the effect of sorghum on chronic disease and those that investigated other

    effects of sorghum on health. There was evidence that the consumption of sorghum

    attenuated blood glucose responses and decreased the expression of markers of

    oxidative stress. Sorghum was also observed to be a suitable ingredient for the formulation

    of oral rehydration solutions and showed potential for use as a medical

    adjunct to boost immune responses in HIV-positive patients. Conclusions: The implication

    is that sorghum may have attributes superior to those of other staple

    grains, indicating its potential for innovative uses in commercial foods. More work

    is required to elucidate the health effects of sorghum when consumed by population

    groups that have not been traditional consumers of the grain.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Simnadis, T. G., Tapsell, L. C. & Beck, E. J. (2016). Effect of sorghum consumption on health outcomes: A systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, 74 (11), 690-707.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84997824404

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/928

Number Of Pages


  • 17

Start Page


  • 690

End Page


  • 707

Volume


  • 74

Issue


  • 11

Place Of Publication


  • United States