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Features of a self-mixing laser diode operating near relaxation oscillation

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • When a fraction of the light reflected by an external cavity re-enters the laser cavity,

    both the amplitude and the frequency of the lasing field can be modulated. This phenomenon is

    called the self-mixing effect (SME). A self-mixing laser diode (SM-LD) is a sensor using the SME.

    Usually, such LDs operate below the stability boundary where no relaxation oscillation happens.

    The boundary is determined by the operation condition including the injection current, optical

    feedback strength and external cavity length. This paper discovers the features of an SM-LD where

    the LD operates beyond the stability boundary, that is, near the relaxation oscillation (RO) status.

    We call the signals from such a SM-LD as RO-SM signals to differentiate them from the conventional

    SM signals reported in the literature. Firstly, simulations are made based on the well-known Lang

    and Kobayashi (L-K) equations. Then the experiments are conducted on different LDs to verify

    the simulation results. It shows that a RO-SM signal exhibits high frequency oscillation with its

    amplitude modulated by a slow time varying envelop which corresponds to the movement of the

    external target. The envelope has same fringe structure (half-wavelength displacement resolution)

    with the conventional SM signals. However, the amplitudes of the RO-SM signals are much higher

    compared to conventional SM signals. The results presented reveal that an SM-LD operating near the

    RO has potential for achieving sensing with improved sensitivity.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • B. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Xi, Y. Fan, Q. Guo, J. Tong & R. A. Lewis, "Features of a self-mixing laser diode operating near relaxation oscillation," Sensors, vol. 16, pp. 1546-1-1546-10, 2016.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84988966377

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7027&context=eispapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers/5998

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 1546-1

End Page


  • 1546-10

Volume


  • 16

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland

Abstract


  • When a fraction of the light reflected by an external cavity re-enters the laser cavity,

    both the amplitude and the frequency of the lasing field can be modulated. This phenomenon is

    called the self-mixing effect (SME). A self-mixing laser diode (SM-LD) is a sensor using the SME.

    Usually, such LDs operate below the stability boundary where no relaxation oscillation happens.

    The boundary is determined by the operation condition including the injection current, optical

    feedback strength and external cavity length. This paper discovers the features of an SM-LD where

    the LD operates beyond the stability boundary, that is, near the relaxation oscillation (RO) status.

    We call the signals from such a SM-LD as RO-SM signals to differentiate them from the conventional

    SM signals reported in the literature. Firstly, simulations are made based on the well-known Lang

    and Kobayashi (L-K) equations. Then the experiments are conducted on different LDs to verify

    the simulation results. It shows that a RO-SM signal exhibits high frequency oscillation with its

    amplitude modulated by a slow time varying envelop which corresponds to the movement of the

    external target. The envelope has same fringe structure (half-wavelength displacement resolution)

    with the conventional SM signals. However, the amplitudes of the RO-SM signals are much higher

    compared to conventional SM signals. The results presented reveal that an SM-LD operating near the

    RO has potential for achieving sensing with improved sensitivity.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • B. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Xi, Y. Fan, Q. Guo, J. Tong & R. A. Lewis, "Features of a self-mixing laser diode operating near relaxation oscillation," Sensors, vol. 16, pp. 1546-1-1546-10, 2016.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84988966377

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7027&context=eispapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers/5998

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 1546-1

End Page


  • 1546-10

Volume


  • 16

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland