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Challenges to driver licensing participation for Aboriginal people in Australia: a systematic review of the literature

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Introduction Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are overrepresented in transport-related morbidity and mortality. Low rates of licensure in Aboriginal communities and households have been identified as a contributor to high rates of unlicensed driving. There is increasing recognition that Aboriginal people experience challenges and adversity in attaining a licence. This systematic review aims to identify the barriers to licence participation among Aboriginal people in Australia.

    Method A systematic search of electronic databases and purposive sampling of grey literature was conducted, two authors independently assessed publications for eligibility for inclusion.

    Results Twelve publications were included in this review, of which there were 11 reporting primary research (qualitative and mixed methods) and a practitioner report. Barriers identified were categorised as individual and family barriers or systemic barriers relating to the justice system, graduated driver licensing (GDL) and service provision. A model is presented that depicts the barriers within a cycle of licensing adversity.

    Discussion There is an endemic lack of licensing access for Aboriginal people that relates to financial hardship, unmet cultural needs and an inequitable system. This review recommends targeting change at the systemic level, including a review of proof of identification and fines enforcement policy, diversionary programs and increased provision for people experiencing financial hardship.

    Conclusion This review positions licensing within the context of barriers to social inclusion that Aboriginal people frequently encounter. Equitable access to licensing urgently requires policy reform and service provision that is inclusive, responsive to the cultural needs of Aboriginal people and accessible to regional and remote communities.

Authors


  •   Cullen, Patricia (external author)
  •   Clapham, Kathleen F.
  •   Hunter, Kate (external author)
  •   Treacy, Rebekah (external author)
  •   Ivers, Rebecca Q. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • P. Cullen, K. F. Clapham, K. Hunter, R. Treacy & R. Q. Ivers, "Challenges to driver licensing participation for Aboriginal people in Australia: a systematic review of the literature", International Journal for Equity in Health 15 (2016) 134-1-134-10.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84984684895

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ahsri/795

Start Page


  • 134-1

End Page


  • 134-10

Volume


  • 15

Abstract


  • Introduction Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are overrepresented in transport-related morbidity and mortality. Low rates of licensure in Aboriginal communities and households have been identified as a contributor to high rates of unlicensed driving. There is increasing recognition that Aboriginal people experience challenges and adversity in attaining a licence. This systematic review aims to identify the barriers to licence participation among Aboriginal people in Australia.

    Method A systematic search of electronic databases and purposive sampling of grey literature was conducted, two authors independently assessed publications for eligibility for inclusion.

    Results Twelve publications were included in this review, of which there were 11 reporting primary research (qualitative and mixed methods) and a practitioner report. Barriers identified were categorised as individual and family barriers or systemic barriers relating to the justice system, graduated driver licensing (GDL) and service provision. A model is presented that depicts the barriers within a cycle of licensing adversity.

    Discussion There is an endemic lack of licensing access for Aboriginal people that relates to financial hardship, unmet cultural needs and an inequitable system. This review recommends targeting change at the systemic level, including a review of proof of identification and fines enforcement policy, diversionary programs and increased provision for people experiencing financial hardship.

    Conclusion This review positions licensing within the context of barriers to social inclusion that Aboriginal people frequently encounter. Equitable access to licensing urgently requires policy reform and service provision that is inclusive, responsive to the cultural needs of Aboriginal people and accessible to regional and remote communities.

Authors


  •   Cullen, Patricia (external author)
  •   Clapham, Kathleen F.
  •   Hunter, Kate (external author)
  •   Treacy, Rebekah (external author)
  •   Ivers, Rebecca Q. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • P. Cullen, K. F. Clapham, K. Hunter, R. Treacy & R. Q. Ivers, "Challenges to driver licensing participation for Aboriginal people in Australia: a systematic review of the literature", International Journal for Equity in Health 15 (2016) 134-1-134-10.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84984684895

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ahsri/795

Start Page


  • 134-1

End Page


  • 134-10

Volume


  • 15