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Flake variation in relation to the application of force

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The appearance of new force application techniques in the production of stone artifacts over the course of human evolution has been associated with the increasing technological capacity of hominin groups. Yet, the causal relationship between the knapping practice and the flake characteristics upon which these behavioral inferences rest remains largely untested under controlled settings. Here we present a recent controlled experiment examining the effect of various force application variables (hammer shape; location of force application; angle of blow; hammer displacement speed) on flake morphology. Results indicate that the independent variables interact with flake attributes in a complex way that makes simple analogies between particular attributes and specific force application techniques extremely difficult. However, trade-offs among the variables cast new light on the possible mechanisms underlying variation in force application techniques used in flintknapping.

UOW Authors


  •   Magnani, Matthew (external author)
  •   Rezek, Zeljko (external author)
  •   Lin, Sam
  •   Chan, Annie (external author)
  •   Dibble, Harold L. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Magnani, M., Rezek, Z., Lin, S. C., Chan, A. & Dibble, H. L. (2014). Flake variation in relation to the application of force. Journal of Archaeological Science, 46 (1), 37-49.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84897911764

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/4066

Number Of Pages


  • 12

Start Page


  • 37

End Page


  • 49

Volume


  • 46

Issue


  • 1

Abstract


  • The appearance of new force application techniques in the production of stone artifacts over the course of human evolution has been associated with the increasing technological capacity of hominin groups. Yet, the causal relationship between the knapping practice and the flake characteristics upon which these behavioral inferences rest remains largely untested under controlled settings. Here we present a recent controlled experiment examining the effect of various force application variables (hammer shape; location of force application; angle of blow; hammer displacement speed) on flake morphology. Results indicate that the independent variables interact with flake attributes in a complex way that makes simple analogies between particular attributes and specific force application techniques extremely difficult. However, trade-offs among the variables cast new light on the possible mechanisms underlying variation in force application techniques used in flintknapping.

UOW Authors


  •   Magnani, Matthew (external author)
  •   Rezek, Zeljko (external author)
  •   Lin, Sam
  •   Chan, Annie (external author)
  •   Dibble, Harold L. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Magnani, M., Rezek, Z., Lin, S. C., Chan, A. & Dibble, H. L. (2014). Flake variation in relation to the application of force. Journal of Archaeological Science, 46 (1), 37-49.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84897911764

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/4066

Number Of Pages


  • 12

Start Page


  • 37

End Page


  • 49

Volume


  • 46

Issue


  • 1