People from ethnic minorities often experience poorer cancer outcomes, possibly due
to later presentation to healthcare and later diagnosis. We aimed to identify common
cancer beliefs in minority populations in developed countries, which can affect symptom
appraisal and help seeking for symptomatic cancer. Our systematic review found
15 relevant qualitative studies, located in the United Kingdom (six), United States
(five), Australia (two) and Canada (two) of African, African-American,
Hispanic and Latino minority groups. We conducted a meta-synthesis
that found specific
emotional reactions to cancer, knowledge and beliefs and interactions with
healthcare services as contributing factors in help seeking for a cancer diagnosis.
These findings may be useful to inform the development of interventions to facilitate
cancer diagnosis in minority populations.