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Exploration of sedentary behavior in residential substance abuse populations: Results from an intervention study

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Background:There is a growing body of research linking sedentary behavior with increased risk of chronic disease and all-cause mortality. It is increasingly recommended that service providers address the multiple behavioral risk factors associated with these chronic diseases as part of routine substance abuse treatment. Objectives:The study objective was to investigate rates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in a residential substance abuse population. In addition, efficacy of a sedentary behavior intervention, “Sit Switch,” was examined for feasibility in this context. Methods:Participants (n = 54) were residents of The Salvation Army Recovery Service Centres located in Canberra and on the Gold Coast, Australia. Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers were used to measure rates and patterns of sedentariness and physical activity. A nonrandomized controlled study of a single-session group intervention aimed at decreasing prolonged sitting (“Sit Switch”) was conducted. Education, motivational-interviewing, and goal setting components underpinned the “Sit Switch” intervention. Results:Individuals were highly sedentary, spending 73% of daily activity at sedentary intensity engaged in inadequate levels of moderate physical activity (6.6%/day). The single session educational program did not lead to any significant changes in sedentary behavior. Conclusion/Importance:High levels of sedentariness and low levels of physical activity engagement are evident in residents in substance abuse treatment programs. It is strongly recommended that sedentariness, a modifiable risk behavior with independent consequences for cardiovascular disease and cancer, be addressed within residential programs.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Keane, C. A., Kelly, P. J., Magee, C. A., Callister, R., Baker, A. & Deane, F. P. (2016). Exploration of sedentary behavior in residential substance abuse populations: Results from an intervention study. Substance Use and Misuse, 51 (10), 1363-1378.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84973160971

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2365

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 15

Start Page


  • 1363

End Page


  • 1378

Volume


  • 51

Issue


  • 10

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Background:There is a growing body of research linking sedentary behavior with increased risk of chronic disease and all-cause mortality. It is increasingly recommended that service providers address the multiple behavioral risk factors associated with these chronic diseases as part of routine substance abuse treatment. Objectives:The study objective was to investigate rates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in a residential substance abuse population. In addition, efficacy of a sedentary behavior intervention, “Sit Switch,” was examined for feasibility in this context. Methods:Participants (n = 54) were residents of The Salvation Army Recovery Service Centres located in Canberra and on the Gold Coast, Australia. Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers were used to measure rates and patterns of sedentariness and physical activity. A nonrandomized controlled study of a single-session group intervention aimed at decreasing prolonged sitting (“Sit Switch”) was conducted. Education, motivational-interviewing, and goal setting components underpinned the “Sit Switch” intervention. Results:Individuals were highly sedentary, spending 73% of daily activity at sedentary intensity engaged in inadequate levels of moderate physical activity (6.6%/day). The single session educational program did not lead to any significant changes in sedentary behavior. Conclusion/Importance:High levels of sedentariness and low levels of physical activity engagement are evident in residents in substance abuse treatment programs. It is strongly recommended that sedentariness, a modifiable risk behavior with independent consequences for cardiovascular disease and cancer, be addressed within residential programs.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Keane, C. A., Kelly, P. J., Magee, C. A., Callister, R., Baker, A. & Deane, F. P. (2016). Exploration of sedentary behavior in residential substance abuse populations: Results from an intervention study. Substance Use and Misuse, 51 (10), 1363-1378.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84973160971

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2365

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 15

Start Page


  • 1363

End Page


  • 1378

Volume


  • 51

Issue


  • 10

Place Of Publication


  • United States