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Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Homo floresiensis, a primitive hominin species discovered in Late Pleistocene sediments at Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia)1, 2, 3, has generated wide interest and scientific debate. A major reason this taxon is controversial is because the H. floresiensis-bearing deposits, which include associated stone artefacts2, 3, 4 and remains of other extinct endemic fauna5, 6, were dated to between about 95 and 12 thousand calendar years (kyr) ago2, 3, 7. These ages suggested that H. floresiensis survived until long after modern humans reached Australia by ~50 kyr ago8, 9, 10. Here we report new stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype (LB1), ~18 thousand calibrated radiocarbon years before present (kyr cal. bp), or the time of last appearance of this species (about 17 or 13–11 kyr cal. bp)1, 2, 3, 7, 11. Instead, the skeletal remains of H. floresiensis and the deposits containing them are dated to between about 100 and 60 kyr ago, whereas stone artefacts attributable to this species range from about 190 to 50 kyr in age. Whether H. floresiensis survived after 50 kyr ago—potentially encountering modern humans on Flores or other hominins dispersing through southeast Asia, such as Denisovans12, 13—is an open question.

Authors


  •   Sutikna, Thomas
  •   Tocheri, Matthew W. (external author)
  •   Morwood, Michael J. (external author)
  •   Saptomo, E Wahyu.
  •   Jatmiko, - (external author)
  •   Awe Due, Rokus D.
  •   Wasisto, Sri (external author)
  •   Westaway, Kira E. (external author)
  •   Aubert , Maxime (external author)
  •   Li, Bo
  •   Zhao, J -X. (external author)
  •   Storey, Michael (external author)
  •   Alloway, Brent V.
  •   Morley, Mike W. (external author)
  •   Meijer, Hanneke J.M. (external author)
  •   van den Bergh, Gerrit D.
  •   Grün, Rainer (external author)
  •   Dosseto, Anthony
  •   Brumm, Adam R. (external author)
  •   Jungers, William L. (external author)
  •   Roberts, Richard G.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Published In


Citation


  • Sutikna, T., Tocheri, M. W., Morwood, M. J., Saptomo, E. Wahyu., Jatmiko, , Due Awe, R., Wasisto, S., Westaway, K. E., Aubert , M., Li, B., Zhao, J., Storey, M., Alloway, B. V., Morley, M. W., Meijer, H. J.M., van den Bergh, G. D., Grün, R., Dosseto, A., Brumm, A., Jungers, W. L. & Roberts, R. G. (2016). Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia. Nature, 532 (7599), 366-369.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84964426590

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3778

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 3

Start Page


  • 366

End Page


  • 369

Volume


  • 532

Issue


  • 7599

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Homo floresiensis, a primitive hominin species discovered in Late Pleistocene sediments at Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia)1, 2, 3, has generated wide interest and scientific debate. A major reason this taxon is controversial is because the H. floresiensis-bearing deposits, which include associated stone artefacts2, 3, 4 and remains of other extinct endemic fauna5, 6, were dated to between about 95 and 12 thousand calendar years (kyr) ago2, 3, 7. These ages suggested that H. floresiensis survived until long after modern humans reached Australia by ~50 kyr ago8, 9, 10. Here we report new stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype (LB1), ~18 thousand calibrated radiocarbon years before present (kyr cal. bp), or the time of last appearance of this species (about 17 or 13–11 kyr cal. bp)1, 2, 3, 7, 11. Instead, the skeletal remains of H. floresiensis and the deposits containing them are dated to between about 100 and 60 kyr ago, whereas stone artefacts attributable to this species range from about 190 to 50 kyr in age. Whether H. floresiensis survived after 50 kyr ago—potentially encountering modern humans on Flores or other hominins dispersing through southeast Asia, such as Denisovans12, 13—is an open question.

Authors


  •   Sutikna, Thomas
  •   Tocheri, Matthew W. (external author)
  •   Morwood, Michael J. (external author)
  •   Saptomo, E Wahyu.
  •   Jatmiko, - (external author)
  •   Awe Due, Rokus D.
  •   Wasisto, Sri (external author)
  •   Westaway, Kira E. (external author)
  •   Aubert , Maxime (external author)
  •   Li, Bo
  •   Zhao, J -X. (external author)
  •   Storey, Michael (external author)
  •   Alloway, Brent V.
  •   Morley, Mike W. (external author)
  •   Meijer, Hanneke J.M. (external author)
  •   van den Bergh, Gerrit D.
  •   Grün, Rainer (external author)
  •   Dosseto, Anthony
  •   Brumm, Adam R. (external author)
  •   Jungers, William L. (external author)
  •   Roberts, Richard G.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Published In


Citation


  • Sutikna, T., Tocheri, M. W., Morwood, M. J., Saptomo, E. Wahyu., Jatmiko, , Due Awe, R., Wasisto, S., Westaway, K. E., Aubert , M., Li, B., Zhao, J., Storey, M., Alloway, B. V., Morley, M. W., Meijer, H. J.M., van den Bergh, G. D., Grün, R., Dosseto, A., Brumm, A., Jungers, W. L. & Roberts, R. G. (2016). Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia. Nature, 532 (7599), 366-369.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84964426590

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3778

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 3

Start Page


  • 366

End Page


  • 369

Volume


  • 532

Issue


  • 7599

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom