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Removal of emerging contaminants for water reuse by membrane technology

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Abstract


  • Emerging trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) are broadly defined as any synthetic or

    naturally occurring chemicals that have not been routinely monitored but have the

    potential to enter the environment and cause known or suspected adverse ecological

    or human health effects [1]. Most of these TrOCs are from municipal, agricultural

    and industrial wastewater sources (see Figure 9.1). Their release to the environment

    had likely occurred for a long time but was only recently recognised by new and

    advanced analytical methods [2]. In some cases, emerging contaminants can also result

    from the synthesis of new chemicals either intentionally as a chemical of industrial interest

    or unintentionally as a by-product. A notable example of the latter is the N-nitrosamine

    group that can be formed as by-products due to a range of industrial activities including

    the production of rocket fuel, rubber and tobacco as well as water or wastewater

    disinfection by chloramine [3].

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Nghiem, L. D. & Fujioka, T. (2016). Removal of emerging contaminants for water reuse by membrane technology. In N. P. Hankins & R. Singh (Eds.), Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment (pp. 217-247). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84969134537

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6814&context=eispapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers/5786

Book Title


  • Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 217

End Page


  • 247

Place Of Publication


  • Amsterdam, Netherlands

Abstract


  • Emerging trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) are broadly defined as any synthetic or

    naturally occurring chemicals that have not been routinely monitored but have the

    potential to enter the environment and cause known or suspected adverse ecological

    or human health effects [1]. Most of these TrOCs are from municipal, agricultural

    and industrial wastewater sources (see Figure 9.1). Their release to the environment

    had likely occurred for a long time but was only recently recognised by new and

    advanced analytical methods [2]. In some cases, emerging contaminants can also result

    from the synthesis of new chemicals either intentionally as a chemical of industrial interest

    or unintentionally as a by-product. A notable example of the latter is the N-nitrosamine

    group that can be formed as by-products due to a range of industrial activities including

    the production of rocket fuel, rubber and tobacco as well as water or wastewater

    disinfection by chloramine [3].

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Nghiem, L. D. & Fujioka, T. (2016). Removal of emerging contaminants for water reuse by membrane technology. In N. P. Hankins & R. Singh (Eds.), Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment (pp. 217-247). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84969134537

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6814&context=eispapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers/5786

Book Title


  • Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 217

End Page


  • 247

Place Of Publication


  • Amsterdam, Netherlands