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Essential oil of solanum spirale fruits and its biological activities

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • The essential oil of Solanum spirale Roxb. unripe fruits was analyzed for the first time using GC-MS. Twenty-nine constituents were identified, constituting 82.11% of the total chromatographical oil components. The major components were n-hexadecanoic acid (56.01%), linolelic acid (9.71%), octadecanoic acid (4.41%), methyl plamitate (1.69%), tetradecanoic acid (1.55%), (E)-phytol (1.18%), n-hexanal (0.91%), methyl salicylate (0.83%), 4-hydroxy-4- methylpentan-2-one (0.81%), pentadecanoic acid (0.71%) and β-selinene (0.56%). The oil exhibited anticancer activities against MCF-7 (breast cancer) and NCI-H187 (small cell lung cancer) with the IC50 values of 23.17 and 49.07 μg/mL, respectively. It exhibited antituberculosis activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra with the MIC value of 50.0 μg/mL and it also showed moderately antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with the MIC values of 118 μg/mL.

UOW Authors


  •   Keawsa-Ard, Sukanya (external author)
  •   Liawruangrath, Boonsom (external author)
  •   Liawruangrath, Saisunee (external author)
  •   Teerawutgulrag, Aphiwat (external author)
  •   Pyne, Stephen

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Keawsa-Ard, S., Liawruangrath, B., Liawruangrath, S., Teerawutgulrag, A. & Pyne, S. G. (2016). Essential oil of solanum spirale fruits and its biological activities. Chiang Mai Journal of Science, 43 (3), 546-554.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84961842134

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5023&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3999

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 546

End Page


  • 554

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • Thailand

Abstract


  • The essential oil of Solanum spirale Roxb. unripe fruits was analyzed for the first time using GC-MS. Twenty-nine constituents were identified, constituting 82.11% of the total chromatographical oil components. The major components were n-hexadecanoic acid (56.01%), linolelic acid (9.71%), octadecanoic acid (4.41%), methyl plamitate (1.69%), tetradecanoic acid (1.55%), (E)-phytol (1.18%), n-hexanal (0.91%), methyl salicylate (0.83%), 4-hydroxy-4- methylpentan-2-one (0.81%), pentadecanoic acid (0.71%) and β-selinene (0.56%). The oil exhibited anticancer activities against MCF-7 (breast cancer) and NCI-H187 (small cell lung cancer) with the IC50 values of 23.17 and 49.07 μg/mL, respectively. It exhibited antituberculosis activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra with the MIC value of 50.0 μg/mL and it also showed moderately antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with the MIC values of 118 μg/mL.

UOW Authors


  •   Keawsa-Ard, Sukanya (external author)
  •   Liawruangrath, Boonsom (external author)
  •   Liawruangrath, Saisunee (external author)
  •   Teerawutgulrag, Aphiwat (external author)
  •   Pyne, Stephen

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Keawsa-Ard, S., Liawruangrath, B., Liawruangrath, S., Teerawutgulrag, A. & Pyne, S. G. (2016). Essential oil of solanum spirale fruits and its biological activities. Chiang Mai Journal of Science, 43 (3), 546-554.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84961842134

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5023&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3999

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 546

End Page


  • 554

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • Thailand