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Influence of Aldrich humic acid and metal precipitates on survivorship of mayflies (Atalophlebia spp.) to acid mine drainage

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Humic substances (HS) have been shown to decrease the toxicity of environmental stressors, but knowledge of their ability to influence the toxicity of multiple stressors such as metal mixtures and low pH associated with acid mine drainage (AMD) is still limited. The present study investigated the ability of HS to decrease toxicity of AMD to mayflies (Atalophlebia spp.). The AMD was collected from the Mount Morgan (Mount Morgan, Queensland, Australia) open pit. Mayflies were exposed to concentrations of AMD at 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4% in the presence of 0mg/L, 10mg/L, and 20mg/L Aldrich humic acid (AHA). A U-shaped response was noted in all AHA treatments, with higher rates of mortality recorded in the 2% and 3% dilutions compared with 4%. This result was linked with increased precipitates in the lower concentrations. A follow-up trial showed significantly higher concentrations of precipitates in the 2% and 3% AMD dilutions in the 0mg/L AHA treatment and higher precipitates in the 2% AMD, 10mg/L and 20mg/L AHA, treatments. Humic substances were shown to significantly increase survival of mayflies exposed to AMD by up to 50% in the 20mg/L AHA treatment. Humic substances may have led to increased survival after AMD exposure through its ability to influence animal physiology and complex heavy metals. These results are valuable in understanding the ability of HS to influence the toxicity of multiple stressors.

Authors


  •   Holland, Aleicia (external author)
  •   Duivenvoorden, Leo J. (external author)
  •   Kinnear, Susan H. W. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Holland, A., Duivenvoorden, L. J. & Kinnear, S. H. W. (2014). Influence of Aldrich humic acid and metal precipitates on survivorship of mayflies (Atalophlebia spp.) to acid mine drainage. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 33 (3), 567-572.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84894032347

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3671

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 5

Start Page


  • 567

End Page


  • 572

Volume


  • 33

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Humic substances (HS) have been shown to decrease the toxicity of environmental stressors, but knowledge of their ability to influence the toxicity of multiple stressors such as metal mixtures and low pH associated with acid mine drainage (AMD) is still limited. The present study investigated the ability of HS to decrease toxicity of AMD to mayflies (Atalophlebia spp.). The AMD was collected from the Mount Morgan (Mount Morgan, Queensland, Australia) open pit. Mayflies were exposed to concentrations of AMD at 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4% in the presence of 0mg/L, 10mg/L, and 20mg/L Aldrich humic acid (AHA). A U-shaped response was noted in all AHA treatments, with higher rates of mortality recorded in the 2% and 3% dilutions compared with 4%. This result was linked with increased precipitates in the lower concentrations. A follow-up trial showed significantly higher concentrations of precipitates in the 2% and 3% AMD dilutions in the 0mg/L AHA treatment and higher precipitates in the 2% AMD, 10mg/L and 20mg/L AHA, treatments. Humic substances were shown to significantly increase survival of mayflies exposed to AMD by up to 50% in the 20mg/L AHA treatment. Humic substances may have led to increased survival after AMD exposure through its ability to influence animal physiology and complex heavy metals. These results are valuable in understanding the ability of HS to influence the toxicity of multiple stressors.

Authors


  •   Holland, Aleicia (external author)
  •   Duivenvoorden, Leo J. (external author)
  •   Kinnear, Susan H. W. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Holland, A., Duivenvoorden, L. J. & Kinnear, S. H. W. (2014). Influence of Aldrich humic acid and metal precipitates on survivorship of mayflies (Atalophlebia spp.) to acid mine drainage. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 33 (3), 567-572.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84894032347

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3671

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 5

Start Page


  • 567

End Page


  • 572

Volume


  • 33

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States