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What caused extinction of the pleistocene megafauna of sahul?

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • © 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. During the Pleistocene, Australia and New Guinea supported a rich assemblage of large vertebrates. Why these animals disappeared has been debated for more than a century and remains controversial. Previous synthetic reviews of this problem have typically focused heavily on particular types of evidence, such as the dating of extinction and human arrival, and have frequently ignored uncertainties and biases that can lead to misinterpretation of this evidence. Here, we review diverse evidence bearing on this issue and conclude that, although many knowledge gaps remain, multiple independent lines of evidence point to direct human impact as the most likely cause of extinction.

Authors


  •   Johnson, Chris N. (external author)
  •   Alroy, John (external author)
  •   Beeton, Nicholas (external author)
  •   Bird, Michael I. (external author)
  •   Brook, Barry W. (external author)
  •   Cooper, Alan (external author)
  •   Gillespie, Dizzy (external author)
  •   Herrando-Péreza, Salvador (external author)
  •   Jacobs, Zenobia
  •   Miller, Gifford H. (external author)
  •   Prideaux, Gavin J. (external author)
  •   Roberts, Richard G.
  •   Rodríguez-Reya, Marta (external author)
  •   Saltréa, Frédérik (external author)
  •   Turney, Chris (external author)
  •   Bradshaw, Corey J. A. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Johnson, C. N., Alroy, J., Beeton, N. J., Bird, M. I., Brook, B. W., Cooper, A., Gillespie, R., Herrando-Péreza, S., Jacobs, Z., Miller, G. H., Prideaux, G. J., Roberts, R. G., Rodríguez-Reya, M., Saltréa, F., Turney, C. S. M. & Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2016). What caused extinction of the pleistocene megafauna of sahul?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283 (1824), 20152399-1-20152399-8.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84958763522

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4668&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3645

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 20152399-1

End Page


  • 20152399-8

Volume


  • 283

Issue


  • 1824

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • © 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. During the Pleistocene, Australia and New Guinea supported a rich assemblage of large vertebrates. Why these animals disappeared has been debated for more than a century and remains controversial. Previous synthetic reviews of this problem have typically focused heavily on particular types of evidence, such as the dating of extinction and human arrival, and have frequently ignored uncertainties and biases that can lead to misinterpretation of this evidence. Here, we review diverse evidence bearing on this issue and conclude that, although many knowledge gaps remain, multiple independent lines of evidence point to direct human impact as the most likely cause of extinction.

Authors


  •   Johnson, Chris N. (external author)
  •   Alroy, John (external author)
  •   Beeton, Nicholas (external author)
  •   Bird, Michael I. (external author)
  •   Brook, Barry W. (external author)
  •   Cooper, Alan (external author)
  •   Gillespie, Dizzy (external author)
  •   Herrando-Péreza, Salvador (external author)
  •   Jacobs, Zenobia
  •   Miller, Gifford H. (external author)
  •   Prideaux, Gavin J. (external author)
  •   Roberts, Richard G.
  •   Rodríguez-Reya, Marta (external author)
  •   Saltréa, Frédérik (external author)
  •   Turney, Chris (external author)
  •   Bradshaw, Corey J. A. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Johnson, C. N., Alroy, J., Beeton, N. J., Bird, M. I., Brook, B. W., Cooper, A., Gillespie, R., Herrando-Péreza, S., Jacobs, Z., Miller, G. H., Prideaux, G. J., Roberts, R. G., Rodríguez-Reya, M., Saltréa, F., Turney, C. S. M. & Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2016). What caused extinction of the pleistocene megafauna of sahul?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283 (1824), 20152399-1-20152399-8.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84958763522

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4668&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3645

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 20152399-1

End Page


  • 20152399-8

Volume


  • 283

Issue


  • 1824

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom