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The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health (DASH) study: diversity, psychosocial determinants and health

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Purpose

    The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health longitudinal study draws on life-course models to understand ethnic differences in health. A key hypothesis relates to the role of psychosocial factors in nurturing the health and well-being of ethnic minorities growing up in the UK. We report the effects of culturally patterned exposures in childhood.

    Methods

    In 2002/2003, 6643 11–13 year olds in London, ~80 % ethnic minorities, participated in the baseline survey. In 2005/2006, 4782 were followed-up. In 2012–2014, 665 took part in a pilot follow-up aged 21–23 years, including 42 qualitative interviews. Measures of socioeconomic and psychosocial factors and health were collected.

    Results

    Ethnic minority adolescents reported better mental health than White British, despite more adversity (e.g. economic disadvantage, racism). It is unclear what explains this resilience but findings support a role for cultural factors. Racism was an adverse influence on mental health, while family care and connectedness, religious involvement and ethnic diversity of friendships were protective. While mental health resilience was a feature throughout adolescence, a less positive picture emerged for cardio-respiratory health. Both, mental health and cultural factors played a role. These patterns largely endured in early 20s with family support reducing stressful transitions to adulthood. Education levels, however, signal potential for socio-economic parity across ethnic groups.

  • Purpose

    The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health longitudinal study draws on life-course models to understand ethnic differences in health. A key hypothesis relates to the role of psychosocial factors in nurturing the health and well-being of ethnic minorities growing up in the UK. We report the effects of culturally patterned exposures in childhood.

    Methods

    In 2002/2003, 6643 11–13 year olds in London, ~80 % ethnic minorities, participated in the baseline survey. In 2005/2006, 4782 were followed-up. In 2012–2014, 665 took part in a pilot follow-up aged 21–23 years, including 42 qualitative interviews. Measures of socioeconomic and psychosocial factors and health were collected.

    Results

    Ethnic minority adolescents reported better mental health than White British, despite more adversity (e.g. economic disadvantage, racism). It is unclear what explains this resilience but findings support a role for cultural factors. Racism was an adverse influence on mental health, while family care and connectedness, religious involvement and ethnic diversity of friendships were protective. While mental health resilience was a feature throughout adolescence, a less positive picture emerged for cardio-respiratory health. Both, mental health and cultural factors played a role. These patterns largely endured in early 20s with family support reducing stressful transitions to adulthood. Education levels, however, signal potential for socio-economic parity across ethnic groups.

Authors


  •   Harding, Seeromanie (external author)
  •   Read, Ursula M. (external author)
  •   Molaodi, Oarabile R. (external author)
  •   Cassidy, Aidan (external author)
  •   Maynard, Maria J. (external author)
  •   Lenguerrand, Erik (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Teyhan, Alison (external author)
  •   Whitrow, Melissa (external author)
  •   Enayat, Zinat E. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Harding, S., Read, U. M., Molaodi, O. R., Cassidy, A., Maynard, M. J., Lenguerrand, E., Astell-Burt, T., Teyhan, A., Whitrow, M. & Enayat, Z. E. (2015). The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health (DASH) study: diversity, psychosocial determinants and health. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology: the international journal for research in social and genetic epidemiology and mental health services, 50 (8), 1173-1188.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84938417938

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3004&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2005

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 15

Start Page


  • 1173

End Page


  • 1188

Volume


  • 50

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


  • Germany

Abstract


  • Purpose

    The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health longitudinal study draws on life-course models to understand ethnic differences in health. A key hypothesis relates to the role of psychosocial factors in nurturing the health and well-being of ethnic minorities growing up in the UK. We report the effects of culturally patterned exposures in childhood.

    Methods

    In 2002/2003, 6643 11–13 year olds in London, ~80 % ethnic minorities, participated in the baseline survey. In 2005/2006, 4782 were followed-up. In 2012–2014, 665 took part in a pilot follow-up aged 21–23 years, including 42 qualitative interviews. Measures of socioeconomic and psychosocial factors and health were collected.

    Results

    Ethnic minority adolescents reported better mental health than White British, despite more adversity (e.g. economic disadvantage, racism). It is unclear what explains this resilience but findings support a role for cultural factors. Racism was an adverse influence on mental health, while family care and connectedness, religious involvement and ethnic diversity of friendships were protective. While mental health resilience was a feature throughout adolescence, a less positive picture emerged for cardio-respiratory health. Both, mental health and cultural factors played a role. These patterns largely endured in early 20s with family support reducing stressful transitions to adulthood. Education levels, however, signal potential for socio-economic parity across ethnic groups.

  • Purpose

    The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health longitudinal study draws on life-course models to understand ethnic differences in health. A key hypothesis relates to the role of psychosocial factors in nurturing the health and well-being of ethnic minorities growing up in the UK. We report the effects of culturally patterned exposures in childhood.

    Methods

    In 2002/2003, 6643 11–13 year olds in London, ~80 % ethnic minorities, participated in the baseline survey. In 2005/2006, 4782 were followed-up. In 2012–2014, 665 took part in a pilot follow-up aged 21–23 years, including 42 qualitative interviews. Measures of socioeconomic and psychosocial factors and health were collected.

    Results

    Ethnic minority adolescents reported better mental health than White British, despite more adversity (e.g. economic disadvantage, racism). It is unclear what explains this resilience but findings support a role for cultural factors. Racism was an adverse influence on mental health, while family care and connectedness, religious involvement and ethnic diversity of friendships were protective. While mental health resilience was a feature throughout adolescence, a less positive picture emerged for cardio-respiratory health. Both, mental health and cultural factors played a role. These patterns largely endured in early 20s with family support reducing stressful transitions to adulthood. Education levels, however, signal potential for socio-economic parity across ethnic groups.

Authors


  •   Harding, Seeromanie (external author)
  •   Read, Ursula M. (external author)
  •   Molaodi, Oarabile R. (external author)
  •   Cassidy, Aidan (external author)
  •   Maynard, Maria J. (external author)
  •   Lenguerrand, Erik (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Teyhan, Alison (external author)
  •   Whitrow, Melissa (external author)
  •   Enayat, Zinat E. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Harding, S., Read, U. M., Molaodi, O. R., Cassidy, A., Maynard, M. J., Lenguerrand, E., Astell-Burt, T., Teyhan, A., Whitrow, M. & Enayat, Z. E. (2015). The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health (DASH) study: diversity, psychosocial determinants and health. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology: the international journal for research in social and genetic epidemiology and mental health services, 50 (8), 1173-1188.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84938417938

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3004&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/2005

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 15

Start Page


  • 1173

End Page


  • 1188

Volume


  • 50

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


  • Germany