Economic and social inequality is a major problem,
implicated in poverty, ill health and exploitation.
Inequality has increased in many countries since the
1980s and it is also widely seen as unfair, yet action
against it has been sporadic and often ineffective. To
better understand why inequality has persisted, it is
useful to look at tactics that reduce public outrage over
it. These include covering up the existence and impacts
of inequality, denigrating those who are less well-off,
explaining the existence of inequality as natural,
necessary or beneficial, using official channels to justify
inequality, threatening those who challenge it and
rewarding those who defend it. Each of these tactics can
be countered, resulting in a set of options for those
pursuing a fairer world.