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Perspectives on aerobic and strength influences on military physical readiness: report of an international military physiology roundtable

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Physical fitness training of military

    recruits is an enduring focus of armies. This is important for safe

    and effective performance of general tasks that anyone may have

    to perform in a military setting as well as preparation for more

    specialized training in specific job specialties. Decades of studies

    on occupationally specific physical requirements have characterized

    the dual aerobic and strength demands of typical military

    tasks; however, scientifically founded strategies to prepare recruits

    with a good mix of these 2 physiologically opposing capabilities

    have not been well established. High levels of aerobic

    training can compromise resistance training gains and increase

    injury rates. Resistance training requires a greater commitment of

    time and resources as well as a greater understanding of the

    science to produce true strength gains that may be beneficial

    to military performance. These are critical issues for modern armies

    with increased demands for well-prepared soldiers and

    fewer injury losses. The actual physical requirements tied to metrics

    of success in military jobs are also under renewed examination

    as women are increasingly integrated into military jobs

    previously performed only by men. At the third International Congress

    on Soldiers’ Physical Performance, a roundtable of 10

    physiologists with military expertise presented comparative perspectives

    on aerobic and strength training. These topics included

    the physiological basis of training benefits, how to train effectively,

    how to measure training effectiveness, considerations for the

    integration of women, and the big perspective. Key discussion

    points centered on (a) the significance of findings from research

    on integrated training, (b) strategies for effective strength development,

    and (c) injury reduction in training as well as the benefits

    of improved fitness to injury reduction across the force.

UOW Authors


  •   Friedl, Karl E. (external author)
  •   Knapik, Joseph J. (external author)
  •   Häkkinen, Keijo (external author)
  •   Baumgartner, Neal (external author)
  •   Groeller, Herb
  •   Taylor, Nigel A.S.. (external author)
  •   Duarte, Antonio F. A. (external author)
  •   Kyröläinen, Heikki (external author)
  •   Jones, Bruce H. (external author)
  •   Kraemer, William J. (external author)
  •   Nindl, Bradley C. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Friedl, K. E., Knapik, J. J., Häkkinen, K., Baumgartner, N., Groeller, H., Taylor, N. A.S.., Duarte, A. F. A., Kyröläinen, H., Jones, B. H., Kraemer, W. J. & Nindl, B. C. Perspectives on aerobic and strength influences on military physical readiness: report of an international military physiology roundtable. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2015; 29 (Suppl. 11): S10-S23.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84964851927

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3395

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • S10

End Page


  • S23

Volume


  • 29

Issue


  • Suppl. 11

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Physical fitness training of military

    recruits is an enduring focus of armies. This is important for safe

    and effective performance of general tasks that anyone may have

    to perform in a military setting as well as preparation for more

    specialized training in specific job specialties. Decades of studies

    on occupationally specific physical requirements have characterized

    the dual aerobic and strength demands of typical military

    tasks; however, scientifically founded strategies to prepare recruits

    with a good mix of these 2 physiologically opposing capabilities

    have not been well established. High levels of aerobic

    training can compromise resistance training gains and increase

    injury rates. Resistance training requires a greater commitment of

    time and resources as well as a greater understanding of the

    science to produce true strength gains that may be beneficial

    to military performance. These are critical issues for modern armies

    with increased demands for well-prepared soldiers and

    fewer injury losses. The actual physical requirements tied to metrics

    of success in military jobs are also under renewed examination

    as women are increasingly integrated into military jobs

    previously performed only by men. At the third International Congress

    on Soldiers’ Physical Performance, a roundtable of 10

    physiologists with military expertise presented comparative perspectives

    on aerobic and strength training. These topics included

    the physiological basis of training benefits, how to train effectively,

    how to measure training effectiveness, considerations for the

    integration of women, and the big perspective. Key discussion

    points centered on (a) the significance of findings from research

    on integrated training, (b) strategies for effective strength development,

    and (c) injury reduction in training as well as the benefits

    of improved fitness to injury reduction across the force.

UOW Authors


  •   Friedl, Karl E. (external author)
  •   Knapik, Joseph J. (external author)
  •   Häkkinen, Keijo (external author)
  •   Baumgartner, Neal (external author)
  •   Groeller, Herb
  •   Taylor, Nigel A.S.. (external author)
  •   Duarte, Antonio F. A. (external author)
  •   Kyröläinen, Heikki (external author)
  •   Jones, Bruce H. (external author)
  •   Kraemer, William J. (external author)
  •   Nindl, Bradley C. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Friedl, K. E., Knapik, J. J., Häkkinen, K., Baumgartner, N., Groeller, H., Taylor, N. A.S.., Duarte, A. F. A., Kyröläinen, H., Jones, B. H., Kraemer, W. J. & Nindl, B. C. Perspectives on aerobic and strength influences on military physical readiness: report of an international military physiology roundtable. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2015; 29 (Suppl. 11): S10-S23.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84964851927

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3395

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • S10

End Page


  • S23

Volume


  • 29

Issue


  • Suppl. 11

Place Of Publication


  • United States