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Supporting local and traditional knowledge with science for adaptation to climate change: lessons learned from participatory three-dimensional modeling in BoeBoe, Solomon Islands

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Coastal communities in the Coral Triangle are increasingly threatened by climate change. Sea-level rise (SLR) will result in biophysical and socioeconomic impacts that could increase the loss of livelihoods, cultural heritage and infrastructure. Effective adaptation requires a holistic approach that incorporates scientific knowledge together with local and traditional knowledge. Community-based adaptation built on local knowledge is of great value for environmental management, particularly when scientific data are lacking. This article reports a case study that integrated traditional and scientific knowledge using participatory three-dimensional modeling (P3DM) in BoeBoe village, Solomon Islands. P3DM is a process by which members of the local community build a physical terrain model and overlay it with the location of important resources such as protected areas or harvesting sites. Additionally, SLR inundation scenarios based on surveyed elevations were incorporated into a geographic information system (GIS), allowing for a real-time integration of science with local knowledge. Despite discrepancies in scales and accuracy, information from both the P3DM and GIS were complementary. The process, itself, provided a forum for discussion between many members of the village who would normally not be involved and highlighted the importance of community engagement when building capacity for adaptation to climate change.

UOW Authors


  •   Leon, Javier X. (external author)
  •   Hardcastle, James (external author)
  •   James, Robyn (external author)
  •   Albert, Simon (external author)
  •   Kereseka, Jimmy (external author)
  •   Woodroffe, Colin

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Leon, J. X., Hardcastle, J., James, R., Albert, S., Kereseka, J. & Woodroffe, C. D. (2015). Supporting local and traditional knowledge with science for adaptation to climate change: lessons learned from participatory three-dimensional modeling in BoeBoe, Solomon Islands. Coastal Management: an international journal of marine environment, resources, law and society, 43 (4), 424-438.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84940531122

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3148

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 14

Start Page


  • 424

End Page


  • 438

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Coastal communities in the Coral Triangle are increasingly threatened by climate change. Sea-level rise (SLR) will result in biophysical and socioeconomic impacts that could increase the loss of livelihoods, cultural heritage and infrastructure. Effective adaptation requires a holistic approach that incorporates scientific knowledge together with local and traditional knowledge. Community-based adaptation built on local knowledge is of great value for environmental management, particularly when scientific data are lacking. This article reports a case study that integrated traditional and scientific knowledge using participatory three-dimensional modeling (P3DM) in BoeBoe village, Solomon Islands. P3DM is a process by which members of the local community build a physical terrain model and overlay it with the location of important resources such as protected areas or harvesting sites. Additionally, SLR inundation scenarios based on surveyed elevations were incorporated into a geographic information system (GIS), allowing for a real-time integration of science with local knowledge. Despite discrepancies in scales and accuracy, information from both the P3DM and GIS were complementary. The process, itself, provided a forum for discussion between many members of the village who would normally not be involved and highlighted the importance of community engagement when building capacity for adaptation to climate change.

UOW Authors


  •   Leon, Javier X. (external author)
  •   Hardcastle, James (external author)
  •   James, Robyn (external author)
  •   Albert, Simon (external author)
  •   Kereseka, Jimmy (external author)
  •   Woodroffe, Colin

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Leon, J. X., Hardcastle, J., James, R., Albert, S., Kereseka, J. & Woodroffe, C. D. (2015). Supporting local and traditional knowledge with science for adaptation to climate change: lessons learned from participatory three-dimensional modeling in BoeBoe, Solomon Islands. Coastal Management: an international journal of marine environment, resources, law and society, 43 (4), 424-438.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84940531122

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3148

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 14

Start Page


  • 424

End Page


  • 438

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United States