Low frequency vibration measurements in composite materials using embedded optical fiber sensors are presented in this paper. The two types of fiber sensors embedded are a polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM-PCF) polarimetric fiber sensor and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor. A glass fibre reinforced polymer composite material sample is fabricated with both fiber optic sensors embedded in it. A comparison between the performance of both the PM-PCF polarimetric fiber sensor and the FBG sensor embedded in the composite material is also presented. © 2012 IEEE.