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The nutritional status and energy and protein intakes of MOW clients and the need for further targeted strategies to enhance intakes

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • There is a paucity of literature about the nutritional status and energy and protein intakes of Meals on

    Wheels (MOW) clients. The current study aimed to determine the nutritional status and the adequacy of

    energy and protein intakes of MOW clients. Forty-two clients were recruited from two MOW services in

    the Illawarra region of Australia for assessment of their nutritional status, using the Mini Nutritional

    Assessment (MNA®). Estimated energy and protein intakes for a MOW day were compared to a non-

    MOW day and average daily energy and protein intakes were assessed against estimated daily requirements.

    A single dietitian performed all assessments and home based interviews to explore the

    client's perception of the service. Mean daily energy intake (7593 (±2012) kJ) was not significantly

    different to estimated requirements (7720 (±975) kJ) (P ¼ 0.480), while mean daily protein intake was

    higher (78.7 (±23.4) g) than calculated requirements (68.4 (±10.8) g; P ¼ 0.009). However 16 clients were

    identified as at risk of malnutrition and 2 were malnourished; consuming 2072 kJ (P ¼ 0.000) less energy

    and 20.4 g less protein (P ¼ 0.004) per day compared to well-nourished clients. MOWclients are at risk of

    being poorly nourished and meals delivered by the service provide an important contribution to overall

    intakes. These findings support the need for regular nutrition screening and dietary monitoring in this

    high risk group, to identify those for whom additional strategies may be indicated.

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Walton, K., Charlton, K. E., Manning, F., McMahon, A. T., Galea, S. & Evans, K. (2015). The nutritional status and energy and protein intakes of MOW clients and the need for further targeted strategies to enhance intakes. Appetite, 95 528-532.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84941551589

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4140&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3117

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 528

End Page


  • 532

Volume


  • 95

Abstract


  • There is a paucity of literature about the nutritional status and energy and protein intakes of Meals on

    Wheels (MOW) clients. The current study aimed to determine the nutritional status and the adequacy of

    energy and protein intakes of MOW clients. Forty-two clients were recruited from two MOW services in

    the Illawarra region of Australia for assessment of their nutritional status, using the Mini Nutritional

    Assessment (MNA®). Estimated energy and protein intakes for a MOW day were compared to a non-

    MOW day and average daily energy and protein intakes were assessed against estimated daily requirements.

    A single dietitian performed all assessments and home based interviews to explore the

    client's perception of the service. Mean daily energy intake (7593 (±2012) kJ) was not significantly

    different to estimated requirements (7720 (±975) kJ) (P ¼ 0.480), while mean daily protein intake was

    higher (78.7 (±23.4) g) than calculated requirements (68.4 (±10.8) g; P ¼ 0.009). However 16 clients were

    identified as at risk of malnutrition and 2 were malnourished; consuming 2072 kJ (P ¼ 0.000) less energy

    and 20.4 g less protein (P ¼ 0.004) per day compared to well-nourished clients. MOWclients are at risk of

    being poorly nourished and meals delivered by the service provide an important contribution to overall

    intakes. These findings support the need for regular nutrition screening and dietary monitoring in this

    high risk group, to identify those for whom additional strategies may be indicated.

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Walton, K., Charlton, K. E., Manning, F., McMahon, A. T., Galea, S. & Evans, K. (2015). The nutritional status and energy and protein intakes of MOW clients and the need for further targeted strategies to enhance intakes. Appetite, 95 528-532.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84941551589

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4140&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3117

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 528

End Page


  • 532

Volume


  • 95