This paper reports on a quantitative component of a larger explanatory sequential mixed-methods study, which investigated how people learned in MOOCs. Responses from an online survey were grouped together using the human development index for each respondent’s country. Statistical tests were then conducted to determine the demographic and motivational characteristics of these different groups. Findings indicate a large disparity in participation between developed and developing nations, and some differences in motivation but a similar level of education. These results suggest that it may be the well-educated from all nations who are taking most advantage of MOOCs.