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Turing’s thinking machines: resonances with surrealism and the avant-garde of the early 20th century

Conference Paper


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Abstract


  • This paper examines the thinking machines depicted

    in the visual and theoretical works of Surrealism and other

    avant-garde movements of the early 20th century. The aim is to

    establish to what extent the conceptions of these machines

    prefigure Turing’s ideas about the mechanical brain. Whereas

    Surrealism and its artistic antecedents (such as the Dadaists) are

    generally thought to have been uninterested in or mistrustful of

    such technological developments, it will shown that a number of

    artists/theorists (Ernst, Duchamp, Picabia, Hausmann, Matta,

    Dalí, Caillois) envisaged the notion of the thinking machine in a

    manner which anticipated a number of Turing’s ideas (the

    gendered machine, machine consciousness, the child-machine,

    pleasure-pain systems, randomness).

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • James, K. E. (2012). Turing’s thinking machines: resonances with surrealism and the avant-garde of the early 20th century. In C. Dowd & K. E. James (Eds.), AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012, Birmingham, UK, 2-6 July 2012: Turing Arts Symposium (pp. 21-28). United Kingdom: Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3041&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/2034

Start Page


  • 21

End Page


  • 28

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • This paper examines the thinking machines depicted

    in the visual and theoretical works of Surrealism and other

    avant-garde movements of the early 20th century. The aim is to

    establish to what extent the conceptions of these machines

    prefigure Turing’s ideas about the mechanical brain. Whereas

    Surrealism and its artistic antecedents (such as the Dadaists) are

    generally thought to have been uninterested in or mistrustful of

    such technological developments, it will shown that a number of

    artists/theorists (Ernst, Duchamp, Picabia, Hausmann, Matta,

    Dalí, Caillois) envisaged the notion of the thinking machine in a

    manner which anticipated a number of Turing’s ideas (the

    gendered machine, machine consciousness, the child-machine,

    pleasure-pain systems, randomness).

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • James, K. E. (2012). Turing’s thinking machines: resonances with surrealism and the avant-garde of the early 20th century. In C. Dowd & K. E. James (Eds.), AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012, Birmingham, UK, 2-6 July 2012: Turing Arts Symposium (pp. 21-28). United Kingdom: Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3041&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/2034

Start Page


  • 21

End Page


  • 28

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom