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Orchard, Phil Dr.

Associate Professor of International Relations

  • Senior Researcher - Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

Overview


Phil Orchard is an Associate Professor of International Relations.

Prior to joining UOW, he was an Associate Professor of International Relations and Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Queensland. He also served as the Research Director of the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, where he remains a Senior Research Fellow. Hie is also a Senior Research Associate with the IDP Research Programme, Refugee Law Intiative, at the University of London. He holds a PhD from the University of British Columbia, and previously worked as the Assistant to the Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Internally Displaced Persons.

Phil won a 2016 Australian Awards for University Teaching Citation for Outstanding Contribution to Student Learning as well as other teaching awards at the University and Faculty levels.

Many of Phil's publications are available in submitted versions at his Research Gate page.

Top Publications


    Year Title
    2014 A Right to Flee: Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation
    2020 Constructing the Responsibility to Protect: Contestation and Consolidation
    2019 Protecting the Internally Displaced : Rhetoric and Reality

Research Overview


  • His research interests focus primarily on international efforts to provide institutional and legal forms of protection to internally displaced persons, refugees, and war-affected civilians. He is the author of Protecting the Internally Displaced: Rhetoric and Reality (Routledge, 2018) and of A Right to Flee: Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation (Cambridge University Press, 2014) which examines the emergence and evolution of norms around refugee protection and which won the 2016 International Studies Association Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Studies Section Distinguished Book AwardHe is also the co-editor, with Alexander Betts, of Implementation in World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014), and the co-editor, with Charles Hunt, of Constructing the Responsibility to Protect: Contestation and Consolidation (Routledge, 2020).

    Current research projects:

    Protecting the Internally Displaced: Rhetoric and Reality (Routledge, 2018) examines how the emergence of IDP protection as an international issue in the past twenty years has challenged basic understandings around similar issues, including refugee protection, migration, humanitarianism, and international humanitarian and human rights law. The book examines these issues as separate regimes, and uses theories of regime complexity to explore how the emergence of the internally displaced persons protection regime over the past twenty years has interacted, transformed, and undermined other existing regimes.

    Improving the International Response to Regime-Induced Displacement (2016-2020) – this ARC Discovery funded project (DP150102453) examines why governments increasingly use force to deliberately displace their own populations on a massive scale, which is termed regime-induced displacement. Through a mix of quantitative and case study research, this project explains why such actions have become rational strategies for regimes to respond to ethnic groups which may be a threat to them and how these regimes try to justify their behaviour in order to thwart or delay international action. This is a critical issue as beyond its human cost, regime-induced displacement can lead to state fragility and regional instability as cases from Darfur to Syria demonstrate.

    Creating Accountability: Improving Responses to Forced Displacement Crimes (2020-2024)- this ARC Discovery funded project (DP200100750) will investigate how the United Nations and individual states can respond to forced displacement crimes at the individual and state levels through seven existing accountability mechanisms at the domestic, regional, and international levels. 

    Civil Society and the Global Refugee Regime (2018-2025) - this Canadian SSHRC Partnership grant funded project led by Dr. James Milner (Carleton University) and on which Phil is a co-applicant examines how norms are implemented within the global refugee regime policy in diverse local contexts, identify the range of factors that condition implementation, and identify how civil society actors can contribute to improved outcomes for refugees. A seven year project, it will intially examine implementation in Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, and Tanzania. 


Available as Research Supervisor

Selected Publications


Available as Research Supervisor

Potential Supervision Topics


    • International Relations Theory,
    • Forced Migration,
    • Humanitarianism,
    • Peacekeeping,
    • The Responsibility to Protect,
    • International Organizations,
    • Non-Traditional Security.

Advisees


  • Graduate Advising Relationship

    Degree Research Title Advisee
    Doctor of Philosophy Norms, protection, and the development of climate-related displacement policies in the Pacific Moore, Liam
    Doctor of Philosophy Australia's Public Security Policy in Light of the Rise of Non-State Actors in the Early 21st Century Asymmetric Conflict. (Please note, this title may be subject to change following discussions between yourself and your supervisor) Bourke, Chris

Top Publications


    Year Title
    2014 A Right to Flee: Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation
    2020 Constructing the Responsibility to Protect: Contestation and Consolidation
    2019 Protecting the Internally Displaced : Rhetoric and Reality

Research Overview


  • His research interests focus primarily on international efforts to provide institutional and legal forms of protection to internally displaced persons, refugees, and war-affected civilians. He is the author of Protecting the Internally Displaced: Rhetoric and Reality (Routledge, 2018) and of A Right to Flee: Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation (Cambridge University Press, 2014) which examines the emergence and evolution of norms around refugee protection and which won the 2016 International Studies Association Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Studies Section Distinguished Book AwardHe is also the co-editor, with Alexander Betts, of Implementation in World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014), and the co-editor, with Charles Hunt, of Constructing the Responsibility to Protect: Contestation and Consolidation (Routledge, 2020).

    Current research projects:

    Protecting the Internally Displaced: Rhetoric and Reality (Routledge, 2018) examines how the emergence of IDP protection as an international issue in the past twenty years has challenged basic understandings around similar issues, including refugee protection, migration, humanitarianism, and international humanitarian and human rights law. The book examines these issues as separate regimes, and uses theories of regime complexity to explore how the emergence of the internally displaced persons protection regime over the past twenty years has interacted, transformed, and undermined other existing regimes.

    Improving the International Response to Regime-Induced Displacement (2016-2020) – this ARC Discovery funded project (DP150102453) examines why governments increasingly use force to deliberately displace their own populations on a massive scale, which is termed regime-induced displacement. Through a mix of quantitative and case study research, this project explains why such actions have become rational strategies for regimes to respond to ethnic groups which may be a threat to them and how these regimes try to justify their behaviour in order to thwart or delay international action. This is a critical issue as beyond its human cost, regime-induced displacement can lead to state fragility and regional instability as cases from Darfur to Syria demonstrate.

    Creating Accountability: Improving Responses to Forced Displacement Crimes (2020-2024)- this ARC Discovery funded project (DP200100750) will investigate how the United Nations and individual states can respond to forced displacement crimes at the individual and state levels through seven existing accountability mechanisms at the domestic, regional, and international levels. 

    Civil Society and the Global Refugee Regime (2018-2025) - this Canadian SSHRC Partnership grant funded project led by Dr. James Milner (Carleton University) and on which Phil is a co-applicant examines how norms are implemented within the global refugee regime policy in diverse local contexts, identify the range of factors that condition implementation, and identify how civil society actors can contribute to improved outcomes for refugees. A seven year project, it will intially examine implementation in Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, and Tanzania. 


Selected Publications


Potential Supervision Topics


    • International Relations Theory,
    • Forced Migration,
    • Humanitarianism,
    • Peacekeeping,
    • The Responsibility to Protect,
    • International Organizations,
    • Non-Traditional Security.

Advisees


  • Graduate Advising Relationship

    Degree Research Title Advisee
    Doctor of Philosophy Norms, protection, and the development of climate-related displacement policies in the Pacific Moore, Liam
    Doctor of Philosophy Australia's Public Security Policy in Light of the Rise of Non-State Actors in the Early 21st Century Asymmetric Conflict. (Please note, this title may be subject to change following discussions between yourself and your supervisor) Bourke, Chris
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